Readings & Reflections: Saturday of the Seventeenth Week in Ordinary Time & Dedication of St. Mary Major Basilica, August 5,2017
Saint Mary Major, the oldest of Rome’s Marian churches, was consecrated to Mary by Pope Sixtus III around the year 435 A.D. Here Mary is venerated as Salus Populi Romani, “Salvation of the People of Rome.” During his pontificate, Saint John Paul II maintained an oil lamp that burned constantly before the icon of Mary. “In regard to Marian devotion,” he wrote, “each of us must understand that such devotion not only addresses a need of the heart… but… it also corresponds to the objective truth about the Mother of God…. The Mother of God is the Mother of the Church.”
“Lord, give me a strong conscience that I may recognize evil for what it is and repent for all the ways in which I may offend you. Help me to choose what is good and to reject what is contrary to your will. And help me to strive for holiness that I may please you in all things.” Amen.
The LORD said to Moses on Mount Sinai,
“Seven weeks of years shall you count–seven times seven years–
so that the seven cycles amount to forty-nine years.
Then, on the tenth day of the seventh month, let the trumpet resound;
on this, the Day of Atonement, the trumpet blast shall re-echo
throughout your land.
This fiftieth year you shall make sacred
by proclaiming liberty in the land for all its inhabitants.
It shall be a jubilee for you,
when every one of you shall return to his own property,
every one to his own family estate.
In this fiftieth year, your year of jubilee,
you shall not sow, nor shall you reap the aftergrowth
or pick the grapes from the untrimmed vines.
Since this is the jubilee, which shall be sacred for you,
you may not eat of its produce,
except as taken directly from the field.
“In this year of jubilee, then,
every one of you shall return to his own property.
Therefore, when you sell any land to your neighbor
or buy any from him, do not deal unfairly.
On the basis of the number of years since the last jubilee
shall you purchase the land from your neighbor;
and so also, on the basis of the number of years for crops,
shall he sell it to you.
When the years are many, the price shall be so much the more;
when the years are few, the price shall be so much the less.
For it is really the number of crops that he sells you.
Do not deal unfairly, then; but stand in fear of your God.
I, the LORD, am your God.”
The word of the Lord.
R. (4) O God, let all the nations praise you!
May God have pity on us and bless us;
may he let his face shine upon us.
So may your way be known upon earth;
among all nations, your salvation.
R. O God, let all the nations praise you!
May the nations be glad and exult
because you rule the peoples in equity;
the nations on the earth you guide.
R. O God, let all the nations praise you!
The earth has yielded its fruits;
God, our God, has blessed us.
May God bless us,
and may all the ends of the earth fear him!
R. O God, let all the nations praise you!
Alleluia, Alleluia. Blessed are they who are persecuted for the sake of righteousness/ for theirs is the Kingdom of heaven. Alleluia, alleluia.
Herod the tetrarch heard of the reputation of Jesus and said to his servants, “This man is John the Baptist. He has been raised from the dead; that is why mighty powers are at work in him.”
Now Herod had arrested John, bound him, and put him in prison on account of Herodias, the wife of his brother Philip, for John had said to him,
“It is not lawful for you to have her.” Although he wanted to kill him, he feared the people, for they regarded him as a prophet. But at a birthday celebration for Herod, the daughter of Herodias performed a dance before the guests and delighted Herod so much that he swore to give her whatever she might ask for. Prompted by her mother, she said, “Give me here on a platter the head of John the Baptist.” The king was distressed, but because of his oaths and the guests who were present, he ordered that it be given, and he had John beheaded in the prison. His head was brought in on a platter and given to the girl, who took it to her mother. His disciples came and took away the corpse and buried him; and they went and told Jesus.
The Gospel of the Lord.
Reflection 1 – The Prophet John
God makes use of prophets not so much to predict the future but to be His spokesman and bring His messages to His people.
In Old Testament times, the likes of Isaiah, Zechariah and Jeremiah were called by the Lord to such prophetic office. Most often the people did not like them. They did not trust what they said. A lot of times, they persecuted them and they tried to stop what they had to do for the Lord. The prophets were considered troublemakers because they told the truth and exposed the reality in people and situations. Because they were obstacles in pursuing their sinful lives, they ignored them. But there were some who listened and hoped. Those who did God blessed and they found new life.
This was what happened to John, the Baptist, who spoke the truth about Herod’s illicit relationship with Herodias, the wife of his brother, Philip. Herod had John, the Baptist bound and incarcerated when he said: “It is not lawful for you to have her.”
Today, we still have prophets in our lives as each of us has been called by the Lord to speak the truth and bring His Good News to all. They may not be like Jeremiah who took the role of God’s emissary and prophet but they also speak the truth and reveal who we are and where we have failed in our lives. They may not be like John, the Baptist, who paved the way for our Lord Jesus, they may be our spouse, our children, our parents, our sibling, our brother/sister in community even a co worker. They can be anyone our Lord should decide to anoint. They may be just like us broken, wounded and sinful yet God can use them for His purpose.
If we are the one tasked by God to be His vessel of healing to others, we should be able to speak the truth to our neighbor in God’s love as it is in the Name of the Lord, our God that we speak and act! Amidst possible punishment, persecution or being ostracized, we need to speak the truth God wants us to proclaim. If we accept God’s truth and bring it to others, we are blessed with new life but more importantly we bring new life into the world!
As God’s emissaries for His church and for one another, God is asking us today to be trustworthy and honest in all our dealings. He wants us to proclaim His Word when He said: “Do not deal unfairly, then; but stand in fear of your God. I, the LORD, am your God.
None of us would have the option of asserting perfect sinlessness. We need to admit and accept that we have somehow sinned. One way or the other, we may have unfairly treated another, disadvantaged a neighbor, all for our own benefit. We therefore ought to ask God’s forgiveness. We have to tell the whole truth first to ourselves and then confess our sins to God. We should be humble and ask God for His pardon. Unless we go back to the Lord with contrite and humble hearts, we are finished.
We may fail and stumble at times but God is with us. He will not allow us to suffer and be destroyed by our sinfulness. God is infinitely more patient and compassionate than the best parent who ever lived. We have to trust Him and take his hand. In the same light, we should be able to welcome those whom He has sent to us to reveal who we really and where we have failed.
We have to speak God’s truth in love. When we hear it, we need to follow it.
Heavenly Father, give me the grace to discern your Word and truly apply it into my life. In Jesus, I pray. Amen.
Reflection 2 – Herod’s reaction to John the Baptist
Do you ever feel haunted by a past failure or a guilty conscience? King Herod, the most powerful and wealthy man in Judea, had everything he wanted, except a clear conscience and peace with God. Herod had respected and feared John the Baptist as a great prophet and servant of God. John, however did not fear to rebuke Herod for his adulterous relationship with his brother’s wife. He ended up in prison because of Herodias’ jealousy. Herod, out of impulse and a desire to please his family and friends, had John beheaded. Now his conscience is pricked when he hears that all the people are going to Jesus to hear his message of repentance and to see his mighty works. Herod is now haunted by the thought that the prophet he murdered might now be raised from the dead!
A sign of vanity and cowardice
Unfortunately for Herod, he could not rid himself of sin by ridding himself of the man who confronted him with his sin. Herod’s power and influence was badly flawed. He could take a strong stand on the wrong things when he knew the right. Such a stand, however, was a sign of weakness and cowardice. Where do you get the strength of will and heart to choose what is right and to reject what is bad?
God is our help and our strength
The Lord Jesus gives grace and help to the humble, to those who acknowledge their weaknesses and their sinfulness, and who look to God for his mercy and pardon, wisdom and strength. His grace and pardon not only frees us from a guilty conscience, it enables us to pursue holiness in every area of our lives, in our thoughts and intentions as well as our words and actions.
Fight fear with faith
God’s grace enables us to fight fear with faith and to overcome the temptation to compromise good with evil. Do you rely on God’s grace and help to choose his way of holiness and to reject whatever would weaken your faith and loyalty to Jesus Christ?
“Heavenly Father, form in me the likeness of your Son Jesus that I may imitate him in word and deed. Help me to live the gospel faithfully and give me the strength and courage I need to not shrink back in the face of hardship and temptation.” – Read the source: http://dailyscripture.servantsoftheword.org/readings/2017/aug5.htm
Reflection 3 – God Cares For You
Jesus . . . saw a great multitude; and He was moved with compassion for them. –Matthew 14:14
John the Baptist had been martyred by King Herod. John was Jesus’ cousin and friend, and his death must have touched Jesus deeply. I believe that’s why He sought refuge from the crowds. Matthew wrote, “He departed from there [His hometown and place of ministry] by boat to a deserted place by Himself” (14:13).
Jesus wanted to be alone to grieve, but the crowd pressed Him with their needs and wouldn’t let Him get away (v.13). Seeing the multitudes and their pain, Jesus was moved with compassion for them. Despite His own heartache, He began to heal their sick (v.14). He didn’t let His own grief keep Him from ministering to them.
Perhaps you’re a caregiver—a pastor, a teacher, a nurse, or a counselor. Maybe you’re a mother with small children or the spouse of an invalid. You have your own struggles, disappointments, heartaches—and no one seems to care about you.
But there is someone who cares. God does. He knows your sorrow as no one else does, and He understands the depths of your misery. You can give your cares to Him (1 Peter 5:7) and find in His presence His love, consolation, and the strength you need to move from your own grief to the grief of others. You can care for others because God cares for you. —DHR — David H. Roper
O yes, He cares; I know He cares,
His heart is touched with my grief;
When the days are weary, the long nights dreary,
I know my Savior cares. —Graeff
Because God cares for us, we can care for others (Source: Our Daily Bread, RBC Ministries).
Reflection 4 – Jeremiah does not deserve death
When Jeremiah gave his temple sermon, he said that if the people of Judah continue to disobey the Lord, not living according to the law and not listening to the words of the prophets, then the temple of the Lord and Jerusalem will be destroyed like the city of Shiloh. The first reaction of the people is not one of repentance, but rather of condemnation of Jeremiah. The people cry out: “This man deserves death”.
Jeremiah defends himself saying the the Lord sent him to prophesy against the temple, the house of the Lord, and the city of Jerusalem. Jeremiah’s message is simple: reform your ways and your deeds; listen to the voice of the Lord, so that the Lord will repent of the evil with which he threatens you. Jeremiah declares his innocence, and that if the people carry out their judgment, then they will bring innocent blood upon themselves.
Once again, the story of Jeremiah looks forward to the trial of Jesus. Pilate declares himself innocent of Jesus’ blood. And all the people answered: “His blood be on us and on our children!” (Matthew 27:25). The outcome of Jeremiah and Jesus are different. When Jeremiah declares his innocence, the people immediately switch their cry: “This man does not deserve death”. When Pilate declares the innocence of Jesus, the people, led by the chief priests and elders, cry out: “Crucify him! Crucify him!” (Mark 15:13-14; Luke 23:21).
We see another contrast between Jeremiah, who was saved, and John the Baptist, who was killed by Herod. Both Jeremiah and John preached the truth. Jeremiah revealed the people’s disobedience; John revealed Herod’s unlawful union with Herodias. Just as Jeremiah was apprehended; John was arrested and thrown into prison. Herod did not kill John the Baptist, because many people regarded him as a prophet of the Lord.
Herod feared John, knowing that he was a righteous and holy man, and kept him safe. When Herod heard John, he was much perplexed, and yet heard John gladly (Mark 6:20). Just as Pilate didn’t want to hand Jesus over; Herod didn’t want to hand John over. Both men, however, gave into pressure. Pilate feared Rome; Herod felt obliged to fulfill his oaths in the presence of his guests.
In the end, Jeremiah’s life points to Jesus’ persecution and rejection. He will be thrown into the pit and rescued. John the Baptist, on the other hand, is Jesus’ forerunner in life and in death. John was persecuted for the sake of righteousness, and to him belongs the Kingdom of heaven, inaugurated by Jesus Christ. – Read the source text:http://www.zenit.org/en/articles/daily-homily-jeremiah-does-not-deserve-death
Reflection 5 – Who will ‘speak truth to power’?
In A Man for All Seasons, one of the king’s supporters is trying to get the king’s chancellor, Thomas More, to “sign on” with the others who have supported Henry VIII’s claim that the marriage should be annulled. Norfolk bursts out, “I’m not a scholar. I don’t know whether the marriage was lawful or not, but, damn it Thomas, look at these names! Why can’t you do as I did and come with us – for fellowship?” Thomas replies, “And when we die, and you are sent to heaven for doing your conscience, and I am sent to hell for not doing mine, will you come with me – for fellowship”? More stood firm on his principles and was beheaded.
In today’s gospel (Mt 14:1-12) we hear of another principled man who was beheaded after having been embroiled in a controversy over an “irregular” marriage. John the Baptist had made it clear to Herod that his marriage to the wife of his (still living) brother was an abomination.
A phrase that is often used to characterized the principled, prophetic stance of those like John the Baptist and Thomas More is “speaking truth to power.” We might do well to consider whether, in the midst of all the election year rhetoric, anyone is speaking with a truly prophetic voice. Catholics of an older generation will remember the pointed criticisms of those in power leveled by Dorothy Day, Dan Berrigan, and Thomas Merton. Where are voices like that today?
Perhaps we are being called upon, as ordinary citizens, to speak up against the accepted wisdom that condones pre-emptive war, that sees imprisonment and state-sponsored execution as means of solving the problem of crime, that allows the wealthiest in our society to prosper at the expense of those at the bottom of the economic ladder, that continues to ignore the violence being done to the environment so that our society might live more comfortably. There are powerful, entrenched forces behind all of these misguided policies. Who will speak a prophetic word of truth to them? (Source: Jim Johnston, Weekday Homily Helps. Ohio: St. Anthony Messenger Press, August 2, 2008).
Reflection 6 – How John the Baptist Prepared for Death?
But you might still insist: “Who knows what will be my lot? Maybe I will die an unhappy death!” Let me ask you: “What causes a bad death?” Only sin! We should then fear only sin, not death. If you desire not to fear death, then lead a holy life. The fear of the Lord is glory and exultation…. Those who fear the Lord will have a happy end(Sir 1:9,11).
Father Colombiere held it to be morally impossible for a person who was faithful to God during life to die a bad death. And, before him, Saint Augustine wrote: “He who has lived well cannot die badly. He who is prepared to die fears no death however sudden.”
Those who offer their death to God make the most perfect act of divine love possible, because by cheerfully accepting the kind of death which God is pleased to send them, when and how God sends it, they are just like the holy martyrs who died for the sake of the faith and out of love for Jesus.
So then, let us live our life only to advance in divine love. The level of our love for God at the time of our death will be he level of our love for him throughout our happy eternity (Source: St. Alphonsus Liguori, +1787 A.D., Magnificat, Vol. 17, No. 6, August 1,2015, pp. 28-29).
Reflection 7 – The Passion of John the Baptist
“Today while the virtue of John and the ferocity of Herod are related to us, our innards were shaken, our hearts trembled, our sight grew dim, our mind became dull, our hearing deserted us. For is there anything within human sensation that remains undisturbed when a large amount of vice destroys a large amount of virtue?
“Herod, it says, apprehended John, and had him bound, and put in prison(Mt 14:3). John was the school of the virtues, the instructor of life, the model of sanctity, the pattern of morality, the mirror of virginity, the epitome of purity, the example of chastity, the way of penitence, the pardon of sins, the discipline of faith. John was greater than a human being, equal to the angels, the apex of the law, the seed of the Gospel, the harbinger of the Apostles, the silence of the prophets, the lamp of the world, the herald of the Judge, the forerunner of Christ, the preparer of the Lord, the witness of God, the mediator of the whole Trinity.
“But Herod is the very one who desecrated the Temple, ruined the priesthood, disturbed its proper order, profaned the kingdom, corrupted anything that had to do with religion, the Law, life and morals, faith, and discipline. Herod was ever an assassin toward his fellow citizens, a brigand toward people of any distinction, a ravager toward his allies, a robber toward those of his own household, a killer of the common folk, a murderer of his children, a slayer of foreigners, a parricide towards his own, drenching the land with gore in his blood-thirstiness. And so it is that he gulped down the hallowed blood of John from his enormous cup of cruelty.” (Source: St. Peter Chrysologus, +450 A.D., Magnificat, Vol. 18, No. 5, July 2016, pp. 406-407).
Reflection 8 – Graces of the Dedication of the Basilica of Saint Mary Major
Our Lady guards our health. What does this mean?… She helps us grow, to confront life, to be free.
A mother helps her children grow up and wants them to grow strong; that is why she teaches them not to be lazy – which can also derive from a certain kind of well-being – not to sink into a comfortable lifestyle, contenting oneself with possessions. The mother takes care that her children develop better, that they grow strong, capable of accepting responsibilities, of engaging in life, of striving for great ideals… Our Lady… helps us to grow as human beings and in the faith, to be strong and never to fall into the temptation of being human beings and Christians in a superficial way, but to live responsibly, to strive ever higher.
A mother then thinks of the health of her children, teaching them also to face the difficulties of life…. The mother helps her children to see the problems of life realistically and not to get lost in them, but to confront them with courage, not be weak, and to know how to overcome them, in a healthy balance that a mother “senses” between the area of security and the area of risk …. Like a good mother (Mary) is close to us, so that we may never lose courage before the adversities of life, before our weakness, before our sins: she gives us strength, she shows us the path of her Son…. The Lord entrusts us to the loving and tender hands of the Mother, that we might feel her support in facing and overcoming the difficulties of our human and Christian journey; to never be afraid of the struggle, to face it with the help of the Mother.
Lastly… a good mother also helps (her children) to make definitive decisions with freedom…. Mary as a good Mother teaches us to be, like her, capable of making definitive decisions; definitive choices, at this moment in a time controlled by, so to speak, a philosophy of the provisional. It is very difficult to make a lifetime commitment. And she helps us to make those definitive decisions in the full freedom with which she said “Yes” to the plan God had for her life. – (Source: Pope Francis, Reflection on May 4, 2013 in the Basilica of St. Mary Major).
Reflection 9 – Dedication of St. Mary Major Basilica
First raised at the order of Pope Liberius in the mid-fourth century, the Liberian basilica was rebuilt by Pope Sixtus III shortly after the Council of Ephesus affirmed Mary’s title as Mother of God in 431. Rededicated at that time to the Mother of God, St. Mary Major is the largest church in the world honoring God through Mary. Standing atop one of Rome’s seven hills, the Esquiline, it has survived many restorations without losing its character as an early Roman basilica. Its interior retains three naves divided by colonnades in the style of Constantine’s era. Fifth-century mosaics on its walls testify to its antiquity.
St. Mary Major is one of the four Roman basilicas known as patriarchal cathedrals in memory of the first centers of the Church. St. John Lateran (November 9) represents Rome, the See of Peter; St. Paul Outside the Walls, the See of Alexandria, allegedly the see presided over by Mark (April 25); St. Peter’s, the See of Constantinople; and St. Mary’s, the See of Antioch, where Mary is supposed to have spent most of her life.
One legend, unreported before the year 1000, gives another name to this feast: Our Lady of the Snows. According to that story, a wealthy Roman couple pledged their fortune to the Mother of God. In affirmation, she produced a miraculous summer snowfall and told them to build a church on the site. The legend was long celebrated by releasing a shower of white rose petals from the basilica’s dome every August 5.
Theological debate over Christ’s nature as God and man reached fever pitch in Constantinople in the early fifth century. The chaplain of Bishop Nestorius began preaching against the title Theotokos, “Mother of God,” insisting that the Virgin was mother only of the human Jesus. Nestorius agreed, decreeing that Mary would henceforth be named “Mother of Christ” in his see. The people of Constantinople virtually revolted against their bishop’s refutation of a cherished belief. When the Council of Ephesus refuted Nestorius, believers took to the streets, enthusiastically chanting, “Theotokos! Theotokos!”
“From the earliest times the Blessed Virgin is honored under the title of Mother of God, in whose protection the faithful take refuge together in prayer in all their perils and needs. Accordingly, following the Council of Ephesus, there was a remarkable growth in the cult of the People of God towards Mary, in veneration and love, in invocation and imitation…” (Vatican II, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church, 66).
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dedication_of_the_Basilica_of_St_Mary_Major
The Dedication of the Basilica of St Mary Major (In Dedicatione basilicae S. Mariae) is a feast day in the General Roman Calendar, optionally celebrated annually on 5 August with the rank of memorial.
In earlier editions of the General Roman Calendar, down to that of 1960, it is called the Dedication of the Basilica of St Mary of the Snows (In Dedicatione basilicae S. Mariae ad Nives), a reference to the legendary story about the foundation of the basilica. For the same reason the feast is also known popularly as Our Lady of the Snows. The reference to the legend was removed in the1969 revision of the General Roman Calendar.
Pope Pius V inserted this feast into the General Roman Calendar in 1568, when, in response to the request of the Council of Trent, he reformed the Roman Breviary. Before that, it had been celebrated at first only in the church itself and, beginning in the 14th century, in all the churches of the city of Rome.
Accordingly, it appears in the Tridentine Calendar for celebration as a Double. In Pope Clement VIII‘s Missal of 1604, it was given the newly invented rank of Greater Double. In Pope John XXIII‘s 1960 calendar, it became a Third-Class Feast. This 1960 calendar, included in the 1962 edition of the Roman Missal, is the calendar whose continued use privately and, under certain conditions, publicly is authorized by the motu proprio Summorum Pontificum. Nine years later, the celebration became an optional memorial.
The feast commemorates the dedication by Pope Sixtus III of the rebuilt Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore just after the First Council of Ephesus. This major basilica, located on the summit of the Esquiline Hill in Rome, is called the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (Latin: Basilica Sanctae Mariae Maioris) because it is the largest church in Rome dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary.
The original church, which was replaced by that of Pope Sixtus III, was built during the pontificate of Pope Liberius (352–366), and is thus sometimes known as theBasilica Liberii or Basilica Liberiana.
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Until 1969 the feast was known as Dedicatio Sanctae Mariae ad Nives(Dedication of the Church of Our Lady of the Snows), a name that had become popular for the Basilica in the 14th century in connection with a legend about its origin that theCatholic Encyclopediasummarizes: “During the pontificate of Liberius, the Roman patrician John and his wife, who were without heirs, made a vow to donate their possessions to the Virgin Mary. They prayed that she might make known to them how they were to dispose of their property in her honour. On 5 August, at the height of the Roman summer, snow fell during the night on the summit of the Esquiline Hill. In obedience to a vision of the Virgin Mary that they had the same night, the couple built a basilica in honour of Mary on the very spot that was covered with snow. From the fact that no mention whatever is made of this alleged miracle until a few hundred years later, not even by Sixtus III in his eight-line dedicatory inscription … it would seem that the legend has no historical basis.”
In fact there is no reference to the legend before the year 1000.
The popularity of the legend in the 15th century is shown in the painting of the Miracle of the Snow by Masolino da Panicale of around 1423, now in the Museo di Capodimonte, Naples, in which the miracle is depicted as witnessed by a crowd of men and women, with Jesus and the Virgin Mary observing from above, and by the building in that century and the immediately following centuries of many churches dedicated to Our Lady of the Snows, of which 152 still exist in Italy. A more critical attitude began to prevail in the 18th century, as evidenced by the proposal that a congregation set up by Pope Benedict XIV presented to him in 1741 that the reading of the legend be removed from the Roman Breviary and that the original name, “Dedicatio Sanctae Mariae”, be restored. This recommendation was implemented only in 1969, 228 years later.
Legacy of the legend
On 5 August each year, during the celebration of the liturgical feast of the Dedication of the Basilica of St. Mary Major, a custom that commemorates the story of the miraculous snowfall is still maintained: at the conclusion of the Solemn Mass in the basilica, a shower of white rose petals is dropped from the dome of the Chapel of Our Lady.
At sunset on the same day, an artificial “snowfall” is staged as a tourist attraction in the square outside the basilica.
Apart from the above-mentioned many shrines of the Madonna della Neve in Italy, the United States has a “National Shrine of Our Lady of the Snows” in Belleville, Illinois, and parishes dedicated to “Our Lady of the Snows” are located in Reno, Nevada; Floral Park, New York and Woodstock, Vermont. In Croatia, Bol on the island of Brač is dedicated to the Lady of the Snows.
- Roman Missal, official English translation
- Missale Romanum, 2002, p. 112, 799
- Missale Romanum, 1962, pp. L, 613
- “Shrine History”, National Shrine of Our Lady of the Snows
- Calendarium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1969), p. 133
- Calendarium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 1969), p. 99
- Ott, Michael. “Our Lady of the Snow.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 11. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. 27 Jun. 2013
- General Roman Calendar of 1960
- American Catholic, “Dedication of St. Mary Major Basilica”
- it:Madonna della Neve
- Mauriello, Matthew R. “Our Lady of the Snows”, Fairfield County Catholic, January 1996
- Normanno Ross, “The Miracle of the Snow”
- The National Shrine of Our Lady of the Snows
- Our Lady of the Snows Church, Reno, Nevada