Cardinal Tagle enjoins faithful to join ‘Penitential Walk for Life’ campaign against the drug-related killings and the death penalty this 2017 Lenten season

Cardinal Tagle enjoins faithful to join ‘Penitential Walk for Life’ campaign against the drug-related killings and the death penalty this 2017 Lenten season

By | Mar 28, 2017 

Cardinal Luis Antonio Tagle delivers his message to thousands of people who joined the Walk for Life at the Quirino Grandstand in Manila, Feb. 18, 2017. ANALYN PERUCHO

MANILA— Cardinal Luis Antonio Tagle of Manila is inviting Catholics to take to the streets again and join the campaign against the drug-related killings and the death penalty this Lenten season.

The “Penitential Walk for Life” aims to pray that life’s sanctity be recognized while reflecting on Jesus’ passion, death, and resurrection on Good Friday, April 14, from 4:30 a.m. to 9 a.m.

“Let us join Jesus who walked with us humbly, justly and lovingly,” said the prelate.

The cardinal also asked those joining the walk to bring a transistor radio so they could follow the meditations over Church-run Radio Veritas.

“In this way, we could continue walking yet remain connected in prayer and reflection,” he said.

Organized by the Council of the Laity of the Philippines, the walk, which will pass through Roxas Boulevard, will start at the Baclaran Church in Pasay City and will end at the Manila Cathedral in Intramuros, Manila.

“During the penitential walk, we will be having the Way of the Cross and the saying of the Rosary as we reflect on the different concerns that threaten the sanctity of life,” said CLP president Zenaida Capistrano.

Capistrano also encouraged all lay organizations to “actively participate” in the event.

“Let us all as one people of God, walk with Christ humbly as we exhort life,” she added.

Last Feb. 18, thousands joined the Walk for Life at the Quirino Grandstand to express their opposition against the death penalty and extrajudicial killings. CBCPNews

Read the source: http://cbcpnews.net/cbcpnews/cardinal-tagle-enjoins-faithful-to-join-penitential-walk-for-life/

Tagle invites Catholics to Good Friday ‘Walk for Life’

The Good Friday ‘Walk for Life’ begins 4:30 am at Baclaran Church and ends at the Manila Cathedral, says Cardinal Tagle

BY Paterno Esmaquel II @paterno_ii
Published 11:20 PM, April 02, 2017
Updated 11:20 PM, April 02, 2017
TOP PRELATE. Manila Archbishop Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle walks toward the altar for a Mass to launch a drug rehabilitation program in San Juan City on March 17, 2017. File photo by Roy Lagarde

TOP PRELATE. Manila Archbishop Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle walks toward the altar for a Mass to launch a drug rehabilitation program in San Juan City on March 17, 2017. File photo by Roy Lagarde

MANILA, Philippines – Manila Archbishop Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle urged Catholics to join a procession on Good Friday, April 14, to stress the value of life, at a time of rampant killings.

“I am inviting all of you to join the Way of the Cross which for this year will be called Penitential Walk for Life,” Tagle said in a circular.

“Let us join Jesus who walked humbly, justly, and lovingly. Every step we take is a commitment to the value of life that Jesus offers to all, especially the poor and neglected,” the cardinal added.

Tagle said the Walk for Life will begin at 4:30 am at the National Shrine of Our Mother of Perpetual Help in Baclaran, Parañaque City.

This is the same shrine that showed images of extrajudicial killings last Christmas. (READ: The Church of the Resistance)

The procession ends at the Manila Cathedral in Intramuros, Manila.

A day before the Walk for Life, Tagle is also scheduled to wash the feet of former drug addicts and policemen, among others, in a Holy Thursday ritual remembering the sacrifice of Christ.

Earlier, a Walk for Life was already held on February 18, drawing a crowd of at least 10,000 Catholics. There, Tagle called for “active non-violence” in the face of recent killings in the Philippines.

More than 7,000 people have died in the war on drugs waged by the Duterte administration. – Rappler.com

TRANSCRIPT: Cardinal Tagle’s speech at Walk for Life

‘Lakas, hindi dahas,’ Manila Archbishop Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle says at the Walk for Life, a huge Catholic procession against killings in the Philippines

Rappler.com
Published 6:52 PM, February 18, 2017
Updated 6:52 PM, February 18, 2017

(Below is Rappler’s transcript of Manila Archbishop Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle’s speech at the Walk for Life on Saturday, February 18, where he called for “active non-violence” in the face of recent killings in the Philippines. The video of his speech is also embedded here.)

'LAKAS, HINDI DAHAS.' Manila Archbishop Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle pushes for 'active non-violence' during the Catholic-led Walk for Life on February 18, 2017. Photo by Roy Lagarde/Rappler

‘LAKAS, HINDI DAHAS.’ Manila Archbishop Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle pushes for ‘active non-violence’ during the Catholic-led Walk for Life on February 18, 2017. Photo by Roy Lagarde/Rappler

Hello! Naririnig ‘nyo ako diyan? (Crowd: “Yes!”) Pasensya na kayo kung paos, ho. Nag-concert ako kagabi e (laughs). Hindi, hindi, hindi totoo ‘yan. Babasahin ko ‘yung message kasi baka makalimot ako sa sasabihin ko e. Ngiti naman kayo! Ngiti! Ngiti!

Papuri at pasasalamat sa Diyos na nagtipon sa atin sa araw na ito, at nagbigay ng lakas upang makapaglakad para sa buhay.

Alam po ninyo, ang paglalakad ay sagisag ng buhay. Ang patay, hindi nakakalakad. Ang paglalakad ay nakapagpapasigla rin ng buhay. Kaya hindi lang dapat lakad. Dapat, lakad ng buhay. Kasi ‘yung iba, kung maglakad, parang hindi buhay e. Lakad ng buhay para sa buhay. Sige nga, paano ba ‘yung lakad ng buhay? (laughs)

Salamat din sa Sangguniang Laiko ng Pilipinas. Palakpakan po natin sila. Sila po ang nagbuo ng programang ito. At salamat sa napakaraming dakilang laiko sa iba’t ibang diyosesis, parokya, organisasyon, at movements. Mga laiko, dakila kayo. Dakila kayo.

Ito po ang pakiusap: Gawin ninyo araw-araw ang buhay na paglalakad para sa buhay. Hindi lamang ngayon. Araw-araw, maglakad para sa buhay. Saan? Sa tahanan, sa barangay, sa ating mga kalye, sa mga paaralan, sa tindahan, sa mga opisina, sa bangketa, sa mga umpuk-umpukan, sa sinehan, sa plaza, at sa lahat ng sulok at larangan ng lipunan.

Huwag titigil ng paglalakad para sa buhay. Araw-araw, lakad para sa buhay. Kasi kung minsan, kapag merong ganito, “Wow, ang sarap maglakad, kasi marami kami.” Pero kapagka dalawa lang kami, nag-iisa ako, tamad na. Walang mangyayari kapag hindi tayo araw-araw naglalakad para sa buhay.

‘Minsan nakakaiyak’

Sa atin hong panahon, kapansin-pansin ang paglaganap ng kultura ng karahasan, a culture of violence.

Nakalulungkot pong makita, minsan nakakaiyak, na parang natural na lamang, parang ordinaryo at natural na lamang, ang marahas na salita, marahas na tingin – naku, katatalas ng tingin! – marahas na ugali, marahas na kilos. Brasuhan at sindakan na lamang ang kalakaran. Unahan lang naman ‘yan sa sindakan.

Kaya po ang isang mahalagang aspeto ng lakbay-buhay, lakad-buhay, ay ang pagpapalakas at pagpapalaganap ng kultura ng hindi marahas na pagkilos, o ang tinatawag nating active non-violence. Pakiulit nga. (Crowd: “Active non-violence!”) Ulit! (Crowd: “Active non-violence!”) Isa pa! (Crowd: Active non-violence!”)

Ang non-violence, hindi ibig sabihin, passive. Active. Subalit naniniwala tayo, hindi mapupuksa ang karahasan ng kapwa karahasan.

Kapag ang tugon sa karahasan ay karahasan din, nadoble ang karahasan. Hindi dapat dinodoble o pinalalaganap ang karahasan. Ito ay tinutumbasan ng non-violence.

Ang lakas ng katotohanan, ang lakas ng katarungan, ang lakas ng dangal, ang lakas ng pagkalinga, ang lakas ng pagdamay, ang lakas ng pag-unawa, ang lakas ng pagpapatawad, ang lakas ng pagkakasundo, ang lakas ng pagmamahalan, ang siyang pipigil sa nakamamatay na karahasan. Lakas, hindi dahas. Lakas, hindi dahas.

Pakiulit po: Lakas, hindi dahas! (Crowd: “Lakas, hindi dahas!”) Kung bawat isa sa atin, bawat pamilya, at bawat pamayanan, BEC (Basic Ecclesial Community) ay gagawa araw-araw ng kilos-buhay, mayroong lakas laban sa dahas. Lakas, hindi dahas.

‘Save lives’

Hindi po sapat ang diskusyon at sigawan lamang. Habang tayo’y nandito, maraming buhay na dapat nating iligtas. Sa inyong kapaligiran, sa inyong neighborhood, napakaraming buhay na dapat iligtas. At hindi sila maliligtas sa ating diskusyon. Save lives! ‘Yan ang lakad-buhay.

Save lives. Iligtas ang inang nagbubuntis at ang sanggol sa kanyang sinapupunan. Iligtas ang mga nagugutom. Iligtas ang kabataan at ang mga bata sa lansangan sa droga, abuso, prostitusyon, pornography, sugal, at bisyo. Iligtas ang pamilya. Iligtas ang marangal na sekswalidad. Iligtas ang manggagawa at ang mga walang trabaho.

Iligtas ang dukha lalo na ang kababaihang nasa bingit ng human trafficking. Iligtas ang mga may kapansanan. Iligtas ang mga katutubo. Iligtas ang mga magulang na tumatangis dahil nawawala o pinaslang ang kanilang anak. Iligtas ang kalikasan, na punong-puno na ng sugat. Iligtas ang nasa panganib ang buhay.

Mga gawa ng malasakit at pag-ibig ang magliligtas sa buhay nila. Gawa ng malasakit at pag-ibig ang magliligtas sa buhay nila. Kung bawat isa sa atin po ay gagawa ng kanyang makakayanan, kasi hindi naman natin kaya na solusyonan lahat, pero kung bawat isa, gagawa ng kanyang makakayanan ayon sa kanyang estado sa buhay, lalaganap po ang kultura ng pag-ibig na nagliligtas ng buhay. Lakas, hindi dahas. Lakas, hindi dahas.

‘Lumakad tayong mapagkumbaba’

At panghuli po, lahat po tayo, habang naglalakad ay magpakumbaba. Humingi po tayo ng tawad dahil naging bahagi rin tayo ng kultura ng karahasan.

Sabi po ni Hesus sa Ebanghelyo ayon kay San Mateo: “Narinig ninyo na noong una’y iniutos sa mga tao, huwag kang papatay. Ang sinumang makamatay ay mananagot sa hukuman. Ngunit ngayo’y sinasabi ko sa inyo: Ang mapoot sa kanyang kapatid ay mananagot sa Sanhedrin. At sinumang magsabi sa kanyang kapatid, “Ulol!” ay mapapasaapoy ng impiyerno.”

Ang pagpatay at karahasan, nagsisimula sa pusong puno ng galit at poot.

Linisin nawa ng Diyos ang ating puso, isip, mata, labi, at kamay upang mapawi ang ugat ng karahasan. Gawin nawa niya tayong nararapat na daan ng buhay.

Lumakad po tayo araw-araw taglay ang paalaala ni Propeta Mikas. Ito ang sabi ng propeta. “Ito ang nais ng Diyos: Maging makatarungan ka sa lahat ng bagay. Patuloy mong ibigin ang iyong kapwa at buong pagpapakumbabang lumakad kasama ang Diyos.

Lumakad tayong mapagpakumbaba, hindi mayabang, hindi galit, hindi nagmamataas. Lumakad tayong nagpapakumbaba dahil ang kasama natin ay ang Diyos ng Buhay.

Sa Diyos na mahabagin, mapagpakumbaba, at mapagmahal, mayroong lakas, hindi dahas.

Maraming salamat po sa inyong lahat. – Rappler.com

 Read the source: http://www.rappler.com/nation/161861-transcript-cardinal-tagle-speech-walk-for-life

Clergy, seminarians reminded: Be ‘life advocates’

The reposition of the Blessed Sacrament during Immaculate Conception Major Seminary (ICMAS) community’s “Vigil for Life” from March 23 to 24. GERALD S. BARRQUIA

GUIGUINTO, Bulacan – During a “Vigil for Life” on March 23 to 24, the clergy and seminarians of the Immaculate Conception Major Seminary (ICMAS) community were reminded of their role in the advocacy of the right to life.

In the concluding Mass for the celebration on Friday morning, Fr. Jose Adriand Emmanuel L. Layug, college department Dean of Studies, emphasized how important it is that priests and seminarians be on the side of life.

Reflecting on the first reading from the Book of Hosea, the priest compared it to worshipping God alone and not other gods.

Not what the world wants

He said it is when the faithful compromise and divert from God’s ways that He is set aside, and other gods are chosen. Hence, Layug said it is important that the religious, the clergy, and seminarians choose not what the world wants but what God wants.

In response to the call of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines for further efforts to uphold life and to oppose the reinstatement of the death penalty, ICMAS held the “vigil for life” from vespers on Thursday to lauds of Friday.

The community exposed the Blessed Sacrament for an overnight Eucharistic adoration with the recitation of the chaplet of the Divine Mercy and a litany to Jesus for the gift of life at the Chapel of the Transformation in the seminary’s college department.

Value of human life

Fr. Eugene C. Cruz and Fr. Danielito C. Santos, college department spiritual directors, led the celebration by presiding over the liturgy of the hours as well as the exposition and reposition of the Blessed Sacrament.

On the said issues, the Seminary Formation Team together with members of the community adheres to Pope St. John Paul II’s encyclical on the Value and Inviolability of Human Life no. 74, which says: “… Christians, like all people of good will, are called upon under grave obligation of conscience not to cooperate formally in practices which, even if permitted by civil legislation, are contrary to God’s law. Indeed, from the moral standpoint, it is never licit to cooperate formally in evil.” Kendrick Ivan Panganiban / CBCPNews

Read the source: http://cbcpnews.net/cbcpnews/clergy-seminarians-reminded-be-life-advocates/

Debate: The issue of death penalty and the Catholic Church stand by Echica and Bañoc

For those who want to be enlightened on the issue of death penalty and the Catholic Church stand…

By Ramon Echica March 10 at 4:30am · INQUIRER.net

A column on the Catholic teaching on death penalty, written by Atty. Ruphil Banoc, elicited more than my cursory glance. After all, state-sponsored killing, whether it is extra judicial or within the bounds of law, has always been an emotional issue for me. Secondly, the writer is not just expressing his thoughts on death penalty but on what the Church teaches about it. I happen to be a teacher and friends are asking me to write my comments which I have verbally expressed to them. Thirdly, the writer is neither a pesky troll nor an unschooled commentator like Manny Pacquiao. For all these reasons, I decide to treat it seriously and write a full length reply.

His main contention is that the Church approves of death penalty and Catholics who disapprove of it should not carry the name of the whole Church.

But the way this point is argued is full of theological inaccuracies.

First, he argues that there can be exceptions to commandment “Thou shall not kill.” However, whether the commandment is absolute is never an issue. The Church has never taught that killing is immoral under any circumstance. For instance, the Church has always accepted that, in some situations, self-defense justifies killing. The columnist himself points this out. Rather, the bone of contention is whether execution of criminals by the State is morally justified and would constitute an exception to the fifth commandment.

If we frame the question this way, then many of the examples he cites are extremely off tangent. Pray, tell me, what has the killing of Goliath by David got to do with the death penalty? Remember, David was not yet a king then. Another irrelevant example he gives is the killing of an Egyptian by Moses. It may have been murder, but not a state-approved killing. Besides, nowhere is it written that society then approved of what Moses did. One case from the New Testament that is cited in the article is the case of Ananias and Saphira. But a more careful reading of the text reveals that, as Atty Banoc correctly writes, “they ended up dead.” It is not written that they were killed. It may have been Luke’s way of saying that their deaths show that God did not approve of their lies. Furthermore, some biblical scholars like John McKenzie opines that the story is a midrash which means that it is not a factual account but a literature aimed at teaching a lesson. In this particular story, the lesson is honesty.

In fairness, it is necessary to reiterate that Atty. Banoc never writes that these biblical examples are cases of the death penalty. Yet, these examples may mislead since they do not refer to the death penalty, which is the issue at hand.

It is undeniable of course that in the Old Testament, God seems to have approved of killing an individual or groups of people. The columnist mentions Moses’ order for the Levites to kill idolaters which resulted in the deaths of three thousand people. The story he cites does not mention that God approved of the killing and so I will help the good attorney by citing more problematic passages wherein God himself is written to have approved of the use of violence. There are stories like the plagues that hit Egypt, or the stories where God fought for Israel under the command of Joshua, where every person was destroyed as the Lord the God of Israel commanded. (Josh 10).

How do these stories reconcile with numerous passages about love of enemies and that God wills all to be saved? This question leads me to the more serious flaw in the logic of Atty. Banoc.

The columnist does not take into account the evolution of Jewish thought on God. I am referring to the evolution of the Jewish subjective interpretation of who God is, and not the evolution of God in the divine self. If we cite a biblical passage, let us take into account from which stage of the evolution of biblical thought is the verse cited. Vatican II itself says that the Old Testament, while showing us true divine pedagogy, contains some things which are incomplete and transitory (Dei Verbum 15).

To illustrate this point, let me give some examples. Even if Judaism is now strictly monotheist, such basic idea that Yahweh is the only God did not come to the Jews all at once. At first they believed that Yahweh is a God among other gods. Then they came to think that Yahweh is stronger than other Gods. It was only much later in their history that they came to the faith in Yahweh as the only God. Another example is the notion of reward and punishment. There was a time when the Jews thought that good deeds would be rewarded and evil punished ON EARTH. The interlocutors of Job who insisted that he must have done something wrong since he experienced numerous tragedies were actually representatives of orthodoxy AT THAT TIME.

If we do not take into account this evolution of thought, we can cite the bible to support ethnic cleansing, homophobia, and misogyny. The bible must be read in its historical context. If not, we are no different from fundamentalists like Manny Pacquiao.

This evolutionary understanding applies not only to the bible but to Church teachings as well. The good lawyer cites the Catechism on the Council of Trent on death penalty and then approvingly quotes a statement from a Catholic encyclopedia which states that the doctrinal decrees (of Trent) are official and authoritative teaching and cannot be revised.

The statement is wrong on at least two counts. First of all, the Catechism on the Council of Trent is not part of the official decrees approved by the conciliar fathers. There is a disconnect between the quote and the point that the Atty. Banoc wants to stress. The catechism on the council does not have the same binding effect as the decrees of the same Council. In fact, Trent dealt principally with the teachings of Luther and other reformers and any statement on death penalty in its catechism is peripheral. Secondly, it is an historical fact that there have been many revisions on the teaching of Trent. Lack of space prevents me from elaborating on any of the revisions. Just compare the Vatican II and the Council of Trent and you get what I mean. No longer burdened by polemics against the Protestants, Vatican II deepened the Church’s understanding on the Eucharist, the priesthood, the Bible, among others.

The passage of time, broader knowledge now available, and her continuing prayerful reflection on the issue, enable the Church as guided by the Holy Spirit to revise some of her past teachings. A good example is it is the teaching that outside the Church, there is no salvation which is no longer held today.

Atty. Banoc cites the Catechism of the Catholic Church 2267. But the problem is he does cite only the first paragraph which says that the Church does not exclude recourse to the death penalty. I am sure that Atty. Banoc is intellectually honest and so I guess he simply inadvertently missed the succeeding two paragraphs. The first of the two paragraphs missed asserts that if non-lethal means are sufficient to protect people’s safety, authority will limit itself to such means as these are more in keeping with the concrete conditions of the common good and more in conformity with the dignity of the human person. The second missed paragraph is in fact more telling. It says that today it is possible to render an offender incapable of doing harm without definitively taking from him the possibility of redeeming himself. Furthermore, it says that currently, the cases in which execution of the offender is absolute necessity “ARE VERY RARE, IF NOT PRACTICALLY NON-EXISTENT” (my emphasis).

Atty. Banoc advises us to read the catechism. The advice must be heeded. But let me add that we should not skip some paragraphs which are not to our liking.

Recent Popes John Paul II and Benedict XVI and the current Pope Francis have all spoken against death penalty. Consistent with Canon 2267, Pope John Paul II says that modern society has the chance of protecting itself without denying criminals the chance to reform. Pope Francis has described death penalty as contrary to God’s plan for individuals and for society and God’s merciful justice.

No one can read the statements of these Popes and still think that the current teaching of the Catholic Church approves of death penalty.

One common thread in the current teaching is that we must never give up hope on the criminal. Almost 2000 years ago, our Lord Jesus himself scandalized the self-righteous when he ate with public sinners. He asked us to leave the 99 sheep behind to search for a solitary lost sheep.

Today, many still refuse to give hope…

Catholic teaching conforms to death penalty

 
By:  @cebudailynews 10:20 PM March 2nd, 2017He (David) ran to him, stood over him, took Goliath’s sword out of his sheath, and cut off his head and killed him.” (1 Samuel 17:51)Let me point out the official teaching of the Roman Catholic Church concerning death penalty.With all due respect to other Christian sects that consider the Bible as the sole authority (sola scriptura), Catholics believe that aside from the Bible, the official teaching and pronouncement of the Church being infallible on matters of faith and morals. So let me discuss both the Bible and the Catechism of the Catholic Church on the matter.

First, let me tackle the Bible on the basic and elementary doctrine by memorizing the Ten Commandments. The fifth commandment says, “Thou shall not kill.” (Exodus 20: 13). Such order is very clear to everyone, without a need for one to enroll in higher subjects in theology.

But we know that like the law of the land, every general rule there is an exception or there are exceptions. So the question is, are there exceptions to the fifth commandment? I do not want to answer that question but rather let us let the Bible give the answer.

There are many Bible verses as regards to killings that can make us pause and meditate. To mention a few, Moses, the very person who directly talked to God at Mount Sinai and received the two tablets with the Ten Commandments written on them, killed a person (Exodus 2: 11-15). He also commanded the Levites to kill that resulted to the death of about three thousand people.(Exodus 32:1-35).

In another Bible story, a justifiable case of killing, the young David killed the giant Goliath who caused fear to the people of Israel. Such killing was brutal because when David slung a stone at Goliath that hit his forehead and broke his skull, the giant fell face downward on the ground. (1 Samuel 17:1-50)

In the New Testament, Peter confronted spouses Ananias and Sapphira who lied and did not turn over the whole amount of money to the apostles. The couple ended up dead just for that mistake (Acts 5:1-11).

Second, let me proceed to the official teaching of the Catholic Church on the matter. The Catechism of the Catholic Church, Section 2267 says, “Assuming that the guilty party’s identity and responsibility have been fully determined, the traditional teaching of the Church does not exclude recourse to death penalty, if this is the only possible way of effectively defending human lives against the unjust aggressor.” (CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, Definitive Edition, page 606).

Also, my friend Atty. Marcelo Bacalso, former President of the Catholic Faith Defenders, shared to me the book on the Catechism of the Council of Trent, which enumerates the exceptions to the fifth commandment, “Thou shall not kill.” The following are: the killing of animals, killing in a just war, execution of criminals, killing in self-defense and killing by accident.

“The Council of Trent was an ecumenical council, that is, a general council of the whole Church. Its doctrinal decrees, therefore, are official and authoritative teaching and cannot be revised. (Catholic Encyclopedia for School and Home Vol. II page 62)

So what happened to some Catholics who insist that death penalty is against the church teachings? Are they not aware of the exceptions? It will not do them any harm if they will read the books on Catechism of the Catholic Church and the Catechism of the Council of Trent, and much more so if they read and familiarize themselves with the Bible. Or, are they just opposed to anything that President Rodrigo Duterte want to implement?

In view of the foregoing, I can say that the Roman Catholic Church is not against the death penalty. Only some of its leaders in the Philippines are expressing their opposition to the pending bill in Congress. Although they are entitled to their own opinion, but for them to invoke the name of the church is misleading and unfair to the church as a whole, even if said leaders underwent “advanced theology.”

 Read the source: http://cebudailynews.inquirer.net/124678/catholic-teaching-conforms-death-penalty

Additional Comments:

Comments
Bert Lizares

Bert Lizares Let us read CCC.

2267 Assuming that the guilty party’s identity and responsibility have been fully determined, the traditional teaching of the Church does not exclude recourse to the death penalty, if this is the only possible way of effectively defending human lives against the unjust aggressor.

If, however, non-lethal means are sufficient to defend and protect people’s safety from the aggressor, authority will limit itself to such means, as these are more in keeping with the concrete conditions of the common good and more in conformity to the dignity of the human person.

Today, in fact, as a consequence of the possibilities which the state has for effectively preventing crime, by rendering one who has committed an offense incapable of doing harm – without definitely taking away from him the possibility of redeeming himself – the cases in which the execution of the offender is an absolute necessity “are very rare, if not practically nonexistent.”68

Comments:

The traditional teaching of the Church does not exclude recourse to the death penalty if these two conditions are met:

1. The guilty party’s identity and responsibility have been fully determined

2. The Death Penalty is the only possible way of effectively defending human lives against the unjust aggressor.

If these two conditions are not met, the Church excludes recourse to the Death Penalty.

I believe these two conditions do not exist in the Philippines, therefore Archbishop Villegas is correct in opposing the implementation of the death penalty.

 

Bert Lizares

Bert Lizares Death Penalty, Capital Punishment – The Pope’s Position

It fact, it would be contrary to Church teaching to say that capital punishment is per se immoral, as some do. Rather, the Pope states that the conditions of modern society argue against it’s use in all but rare cases. It is simply becoming harder and harder to argue that a particular act of capital punishment is circumstantially necessary (the third element of a good moral act). The Pope is NOT substituting his judgment for the political prudence of those who must make decisions about when to use capital punishment. He is teaching principles and making a general evaluation about modern circumstances. Ultimately, the laity who are responsible for these judgments in political society must make them in the individual cases. In doing so, however, they have a grave obligation to apply all the principles taught by the Church to the cases before them, as taking a human life is always grave matter if done unjustly.

https://www.ewtn.com/expert/answers/capital_punishment.htm

Comment:

I also believe that Pope Francis is correct in opposing the death penalty.

VP LENI ROBREDO REVEALS PALIT ULO SCHEMES

Published on Mar 15, 2017

VP LENI ROBREDO REVEALS PALIT-ULO SCHEMES

THE TEN COMMANDMENTS: WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW click this link: http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/12/28/the-ten-commandments-what-you-should-know/

Drug: Short trip and long pull by Archbishop Fulton Sheen

Related articles/ Videos click below:

Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines Pastoral Statement on Death Penalty (March 19,2017) – Archbishop Socrates Villegas, CBCP President http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/03/19/catholic-bishops-conference-of-the-philippines-pastoral-statement-on-death-penalty-march-192017-archbishop-socrates-villegas-cbcp-president/

Debate: The issue of death penalty and the Catholic Church stand by Echica and Bañoc http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/03/12/debate-the-issue-of-death-penalty-and-the-catholic-church-stand-by-echica-and-banoc/

Press Statement on Death Penalty in the Philippines – Archbishop Socrates Villegas http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/03/07/press-statement-on-death-penalty-in-the-philippines-archbishop-socrates-villegas/

Real Christians uphold ‘Gospel of Life’  http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/03/10/real-christians-uphold-gospel-of-life/

Holy See’s Statement on ‘Death Penalty’ at 34th Session of Human Rights Council  http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/03/02/holy-sees-statement-on-death-penalty-at-34th-session-of-human-rights-council/

Standing up for life in a “Country shrouded in the darkness of vice and death” & Is death penalty the answer? http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/02/26/standing-up-for-life-in-a-country-shrouded-in-the-darkness-of-vice-and-death-is-death-penalty-the-answer/

Bishop Bagaforo of Kidapawan condemns killing of Church worker http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/02/25/bishop-bagaforo-of-kidapawan-condemns-killing-of-church-worker/

Cardinal Tagle urges all Manila parishes to mark EDSA anniversary http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/02/24/cardinal-tagle-urges-all-manila-parishes-to-mark-edsa-anniversary/

Archbishop Socrates Villegas decries ‘rape’ of EDSA spirit http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/02/23/archbishop-socrates-villegas-decries-rape-of-edsa-spirit/

Human life is sacred in all areas of life: ‘Walk for life’ every day, Cardinal Tagle urges faithful at Quirino Grandstand in Manila  http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/02/18/human-life-is-sacred-in-all-areas-of-life-walk-for-life-every-day-cardinal-tagle-urges-faithful-at-quirino-grandstand-in-manila/

Killings must end now, says CBCP head Archbishop Socrates Villegas http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/02/17/killings-must-end-now-says-cbcp-head-archbishop-socrates-villegas/

Archbishop Socrates Villegas on President Rodrigo Duterte: Moral ascendancy of Church comes from God  http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/02/13/archbishop-socrates-villegas-on-president-rodrigo-duterte-moral-ascendancy-of-church-comes-from-god/

Archbishop Socrates Villegas: Jesus, Rizal, Bonifacio innocent victims of death penalty http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/02/13/archbishop-socrates-villegas-jesus-rizal-bonifacio-innocent-victims-of-death-penalty/

“SO WHAT?” – ARCHBISHOP JOSE PALMA ON PRESIDENT RODRIGO DUTERTE TIRADES VS THE CATHOLIC CHURCH  http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/02/09/so-what-archbishop-jose-palma-on-president-rodrigo-duterte-tirades-vs-the-catholic-church/

Solons told: Make conscience vote on death penalty and don’t play God http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/02/09/solons-told-make-conscience-vote-on-death-penalty-and-dont-play-god/

Global lay movement backs CBCP against death penalty Read the source: http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/02/08/global-lay-movement-backs-cbcp-against-death-penalty/

Pastoral letter on drug war grounded in truth— Bishop Ruperto Santos  http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/02/06/pastoral-letter-on-drug-war-grounded-in-truth-bishop-ruperto-santos/

CBCP Pastoral Letter: For I find no pleasure in the death of anyone who dies – oracle of the Lord God (Ezekiel 18:32) http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/02/05/cbcp-pastoral-letter-for-i-find-no-pleasure-in-the-death-of-anyone-who-dies-oracle-of-the-lord-god-ezekiel-1832/

Philippine Bishops stand firm against death penalty http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/01/31/philippine-bishops-stand-firm-against-death-penalty/

Death penalty seen to punish mostly poor said the Franciscans  http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/02/01/death-penalty-seen-to-punish-mostly-poor-said-the-franciscans/

Philippine Gov’t told: Target syndicates, not children – CBCP President Socrates Villegas  http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/01/31/philippine-govt-told-target-syndicates-not-children-cbcp-president-socrates-villegas/

Cardinal Tagle and Archbishop Villegas denounce death penalty http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/12/12/cardinal-tagle-and-archbishop-villegas-denounce-death-penalty/

In Philippines, brutal drug war prompts Catholic outcry: President Rodrigo Duterte’s drug war is “not any more in accord with the legal processes…”  http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/01/25/in-philippines-brutal-drug-war-prompts-catholic-outcry-president-rodrigo-dutertes-drug-war-is-not-any-more-in-accord-with-the-legal-processes/

President Duterte could be clueless the Church wants to help fulfill his constitutional duty to defend life http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/01/26/president-duterte-could-be-clueless-the-church-wants-to-help-fulfill-his-constitutional-duty-to-defend-life/

Church will not be silent amid killings — Archbishop Ramon Arguelles http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/01/21/church-will-not-be-silent-amid-killings-archbishop-ramon-arguelles/

Archbishop Socrates Villegas condemns extra judicial killings in Christmas message http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/12/24/archbishop-socrates-villegas-condemns-extra-judicial-killings-in-christmas-message/

Bishop Ruperto Santos: Church open to dialogue with gov’t but cannot stop spreading the Gospel of life http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/01/25/bishop-ruperto-santos-church-open-to-dialogue-with-govt-but-cannot-stop-spreading-the-gospel-of-life/

Philippines’ Death Penalty: Retaliation or Restoration? http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/12/21/philippines-death-penalty-retaliation-or-restoration/

Cardinal Tagle: ‘I will not give up on criminals’ http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/12/14/cardinal-tagle-i-will-not-give-up-on-criminals/

Bishop Broderick Pabillo: ‘Drug war kills only the poor’ http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/12/10/bishop-broderick-pabillo-drug-war-kills-only-the-poor/

Filipinos urged: ‘Oppose death penalty’ – Archbishop Socrates Villegas http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/12/08/filipinos-urged-oppose-death-penalty-archbishop-socrates-villegas/

Bishop Arturo Bastes: ‘Horrible advice inspired by Satan’ – Reinstatement of the death penalty http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/12/07/bishop-arturo-bastes-horrible-advice-inspired-by-satan-reinstatement-of-the-death-penalty/

Bishop Joel Baylon alarmed: Public ‘desensitized’ amid killings http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/12/01/bishop-joel-baylon-alarmed-public-desensitized-amid-killings/

Over 300 NGOs call on the United Nations to take immediate action on the hundreds of extrajudicial killings of suspected drug offenders in the Philippines http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/08/02/over-300-ngos-call-on-the-united-nations-to-take-immediate-action-on-the-hundreds-of-extrajudicial-killings-of-suspected-drug-offenders-in-the-philippines/

RESPONSE TO DIYOS-DIYOSAN DUTERTE ON HIS QUESTION: ‘WHERE IS GOD WHEN BABIES ARE RAPED AND KILLED?’ http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/09/28/response-to-diyos-diyosan-duterte-on-his-question-where-is-god-when-babies-are-raped-and-killed/

CBCP Ethical Guidelines on Proposals to Restore the Death Penalty in Philippines http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/09/14/cbcp-ethical-guidelines-on-proposals-to-restore-the-death-penalty-in-philippines/

CBCP President Socrates Villegas laments: Filipino values slowly eroding, being twisted http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/10/02/cbcp-president-socrates-villegas-laments-filipino-values-slowly-eroding-being-twisted/

Negros bishops: Gov’t action on killings ‘inadequate’ in the Philippines http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/10/09/negros-bishops-govt-action-on-killings-inadequate-in-the-philippines/

Pope Francis: Death penalty fosters revenge, not justice, pope says http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/06/21/pope-francis-death-penalty-fosters-revenge-not-justice-pope-says/

Tolerating Terror http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/08/03/tolerating-terror/

Manila Bishop Broderick Pabillo on killings: Crime can’t stop crime http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/07/26/manila-bishop-broderick-pabillo-on-killings-crime-cant-stop-crime/

Bishop Ruperto Santos to law-enforcers: ‘Respect dignity of life’  http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/07/31/bishop-ruperto-santos-to-law-enforcers-respect-dignity-of-life/

Bishop Teodoro Bacani alarmed by rash of drug suspect slayings http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/07/11/bishop-teodoro-bacani-alarmed-by-rash-of-drug-suspect-slayings/

CBCP head Archbishop Socrates Villegas: ‘We will resist the moral wrong’ http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/07/10/cbcp-head-archbishop-socrates-villegas-we-will-resist-the-moral-wrong/

Archbishop Socrates Villegas’ Pastoral appeal to our law enforcers: Appeal to Reason and Humanity – Seek peace and pursue it (Ps.34:14) http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/06/21/archbishop-socrates-villegas-pastoral-appeal-to-our-law-enforcers-appeal-to-reason-and-humanity-seek-peace-and-pursue-it-ps-3414/

Cardinal Tagle: Oppose ‘culture of death,’ Church prays for leaders http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/06/19/cardinal-tagle-oppose-culture-of-death-church-prays-for-leaders/

CBCP President Archbishop Socrates Villegas alarmed over vigilante killings http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/06/20/cbcp-president-archbishop-socrates-villegas-alarmed-over-vigilante-killings/

Death penalty won’t solve crime: Branson – Visiting tycoon cites experience in Europe http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/05/25/death-penalty-wont-solve-crime-branson-visiting-tycoon-cites-experience-in-europe/

Is death penalty Biblical? Priest explains why not http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/05/23/is-death-penalty-biblical-priest-explains-why-not/

Law dean raises 7 arguments vs death penalty http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/05/23/law-dean-raises-7-arguments-vs-death-penalty/

Pope Francis Calls for Abolition of Death Penalty http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/02/21/pope-francis-calls-for-abolition-of-death-penalty/

If death penalty returns, bishop says he’ll volunteer to die http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/05/20/if-death-penalty-returns-bishop-says-hell-volunteer-to-die/

In a letter (March 20,2015) to the International Commission against the Death Penalty, the Pope Francis says that today the death penalty is “inadmissible, no matter how serious the crime committed. It is an offence against the inviolability of life and the dignity of the human person.” He adds that it “does not render justice to the victims, but rather fosters vengeance.”

Related Articles/ Videos click below:

CBCP President Socrates Villegas: Amending the Constitution http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2017/01/31/cbcp-president-socrates-villegas-amending-the-constitution/

WHAT IS THE TRUE MEANING OF “SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE”? http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/05/26/what-is-the-true-meaning-of-separation-of-church-and-state/

Archbishop Socrates Villegas: CBCP head blasts attempts to ‘silence’ bishops  http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/11/14/archbishop-socrates-villegas-cbcp-head-blasts-attempts-to-silence-bishops/

Archbishop Socrates Villegas: Statement on the Supreme Court decision to allow the burial of former president Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/11/09/archbishop-socrates-villegas-statement-on-the-supreme-court-decision-to-allow-the-burial-of-former-president-marcos-at-the-libingan-ng-mga-bayani/

Rody Duterte: Taking birth control pills not a sin http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/08/02/rody-duterte-taking-birth-control-pills-not-a-sin/

Is the Catholic Church the most hypocritical institution? A reply to Mayor Duterte http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/05/22/is-the-catholic-church-the-most-hypocritical-institution-a-reply-to-mayor-duterte/

Can you believe in God but not in religion? A reply to Mayor Duterte http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/05/22/can-you-believe-in-god-but-not-in-religion-a-reply-to-mayor-duterte/

WHY IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO “HATE RELIGION BUT LOVE JESUS” http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/09/01/why-it-is-impossible-to-hate-religion-but-love-jesus/

Why do I have to go to a human being to ask forgiveness from him? A reply to Mayor Duterte  http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/05/29/why-do-i-have-to-go-to-a-human-being-to-ask-forgiveness-from-him-a-reply-to-mayor-duterte/

THE DOWNLOAD—PHILIPPINES PRESIDENT RODRIGO DUTERTE: CATHOLICISM IS IRRELEVANT http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/06/02/the-download-philippines-president-rodrigo-duterte-catholicism-is-irrelevant/

CATHOLIC PHILIPPINES ELECTS SELF-PROFESSED DICTATOR: Rodrigo Duterte may replace congress with revolutionary government http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/05/10/catholic-philippines-elects-self-professed-dictator-rodrigo-duterte-may-replace-congress-with-revolutionary-government/

A post-election call for action for Catholic pastors: A self-examination of an observer priest http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/06/02/a-post-election-call-for-action-for-catholic-pastors-a-self-examination-of-an-observer-priest/

CBCP head Archbishop Socrates Villegas breaks silence on Duterte’s attacks vs Church http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/06/05/cbcp-head-archbishop-socrates-villegas-breaks-silence-on-dutertes-attacks-vs-church/

Christians Voting for Pro-Aborts?!?!  http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/04/06/christians-voting-for-pro-aborts/

Catholic Bishop Thomas Tobin: “Never Vote for Any Candidate of Any Party Who Supports Abortion” http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/04/25/catholic-bishop-thomas-tobin-never-vote-for-any-candidate-of-any-party-who-supports-abortion/

‘SACRILEGE COMMUNION’ – “If they continue to support candidates who espouse violence as a means to resolve conflicts” http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/04/07/sacrilege-communion-if-they-continue-to-support-candidates-who-espouse-violence-as-a-means-to-resolve-conflicts/

Cebu Archbishop Jose Palma and Emeritus Ricardo Cardinal Vidal back call to examine conscience… if they agree with the candidate’s platform of violence http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/04/12/cebu-archbishop-jose-palma-and-emeritus-ricardo-cardinal-vidal-back-call-to-examine-conscience-if-they-agree-with-the-candidates-platform-of-violence/

Press Statement of Archbishop Socrates Villegas contrary to the misleading if not deceptive post of GMA News Online http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/04/19/press-statement-of-archbishop-socrates-villegas-contrary-to-the-misleading-if-not-deceptive-post-of-gma-news-online/

Mayor Duterte? by Archbishop Socrates Villegas http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/04/15/mayor-duterte-by-archbishop-socrates-villegas/

Prospects under a Duterte Presidency: Scenario Analysis

http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/05/05/prospects-under-a-duterte-presidency-scenario-analysis/

Archbishop Antonio Ledesma in Mindanao slams Duterte over killings http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/05/05/archbishop-antonio-ledesma-in-mindanao-slams-duterte-over-killings/

Catholics and women against Duterte http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/05/05/catholics-and-women-against-duterte/

Archdiocese of Cotabato: Circular Letter on the 2016 Elections – Cardinal Orlando Quevedo http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/05/07/archdiocese-of-cotabato-circular-letter-on-the-2016-elections-cardinal-orlando-quevedo/

Cardinal Orlando Quevedo warns voters about promises of ‘change’ http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/05/03/cardinal-orlando-quevedo-warns-voters-about-promises-of-change/

Archbishop Socrates Villegas: Discerning for whom to vote in the National and Local Elections – Lord guide us with your grace  http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/04/13/archbishop-socrates-villegas-discerning-for-whom-to-vote-in-the-national-and-local-elections-lord-guide-us-with-your-grace/

Archbishop Socrates Villegas urges voters to use 10 commandments in choosing their candidates http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/04/07/archbishop-socrates-villegas-urges-voters-to-use-10-commandments-in-choosing-their-candidates/

Archbishop Socrates Villegas to voters: Don’t be swayed by surveys http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/04/06/archbishop-socrates-villegas-to-voters-dont-be-swayed-by-surveys/

Bishop Arturo M. Bastes: A Testimony during Martial Law (1973-1986) of the Marcos Regime of the Philippines http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/04/15/bishop-arturo-m-bastes-a-testimony-during-martial-law-1973-1986-of-the-marcos-regime-of-the-philippines/

Irish Bishops Provide Pastoral Reflection in Lead-up to Elections: Ten questions based on Catholic Social Teaching for Catholics to ask candidates http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/04/29/irish-bishops-provide-pastoral-reflection-in-lead-up-to-elections-ten-questions-based-on-catholic-social-teaching-for-catholics-to-ask-candidates/

An Assessment of the New USCCB Document Faithful Citizenship: FCFC (#34) lists “intrinsically evil acts,” and says that Catholics cannot vote for a political candidate “who favors a policy promoting” them http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/01/06/an-assessment-of-the-new-usccb-document-faithful-citizenship-fcfc-34-lists-intrinsically-evil-acts-and-says-that-catholics-cannot-vote-for-a-political-candidate-who-fav/

US Bishops release latest version of ‘Forming Consciences for Faithful Citizenship,’ Catholic guide to voting http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/08/12/us-bishops-release-latest-version-of-forming-consciences-for-faithful-citizenship-catholic-guide-to-voting/

Kansas bishops offer election year guidance  http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/09/28/kansas-bishops-offer-election-year-guidance/

Here’s one clear and uncomplicated principle for voting: Don’t vote for pro-abortion politicians http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/08/16/heres-one-clear-and-uncomplicated-principle-for-voting-dont-vote-for-pro-abortion-politicians/

THE DOWNLOAD—YOUR VOTE COUNTS – But it’s your own soul that’ll do the counting http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/02/09/20527/

THE VORTEX: A TIE IS A LOSS – Maybe Catholics should concentrate more on the Faith than on politics http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/03/15/the-vortex-a-tie-is-a-loss-maybe-catholics-should-concentrate-more-on-the-faith-than-on-politics/

Catholic Bishops: Voting for Candidate who supports abortion is formal cooperation with evil

Should Pope Francis get involved in politics? Of course he should   http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/02/19/should-pope-francis-get-involved-in-politics-of-course-he-should/

Is Health Care a Pro Life Issue? http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/02/14/is-health-care-a-pro-life-issue/

BISHOP ROBERT MCELROY GOES SOFT ON INTRINSIC EVIL: San Diego bishop says intrinsic evils don’t automatically prioritize issues for voters http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/02/12/bishop-robert-mcelroy-goes-soft-on-intrinsic-evil-san-diego-bishop-says-intrinsic-evils-dont-automatically-prioritize-issues-for-voters/

WATCH: Fr. Pavone on why Catholics can’t sit out the election http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/09/28/watch-fr-pavone-on-why-catholics-cant-sit-out-the-election/

Archbishop Oscar Cruz on the forthcoming elections: Principle of participation

Is Socialism Making a Comeback? – Despite Bernie Sanders’s best efforts, socialism is still as bad an idea as it ever was http://www.pagadiandiocese.org/2016/02/10/is-socialism-making-a-comeback-despite-bernie-sanderss-best-efforts-socialism-is-still-as-bad-an-idea-as-it-ever-was/

CBCP President Archbishop Soc Villegas grieved over Duterte’s cursing of Pope

“When we find vulgarity funny, we have really become beastly and barbaric as a people. When a revered and loved and admired man like Pope Francis is cursed by a political candidate and the audience laugh, I can only bow my head and grieve in great shame.”