Readings & Reflections: Friday of the Twenty-seventh Week in Ordinary Time & Our Lady of the Rosary, October 7,2016

Readings & Reflections: Friday of the Twenty-seventh Week in Ordinary Time & Our Lady of the Rosary, October 7,2016

“It could be said that each mystery of the rosary, carefully meditated, sheds light on the mystery of man. ‘Cast your burden on the Lord and he will sustain you’ (Ps 55:23). To pray the rosary is to hand over our burdens to the merciful hearts of Christ and his Mother. The rosary does indeed ‘mark the rhythm of human life,’ bringing it into harmony with the ‘rhythm’ of God’s own life, in the joyful communion of the Holy Trinity, our life’s destiny and deepest longing. Through the rosary the faithful receive abundant grace, as though from the very hands of the Mother of the Redeemer.” – Saint John Paul II

AMDG+

Opening Prayer

“Lord Jesus, be the ruler of my heart and the master of my home. May there be nothing in my life that is not under your lordship.” In your Name, I pray. Amen.

Reading 1
Gal 3:7-14

Brothers and sisters:
Realize that it is those who have faith
who are children of Abraham.
Scripture, which saw in advance that God
would justify the Gentiles by faith,
foretold the good news to Abraham, saying,
Through you shall all the nations be blessed.
Consequently, those who have faith are blessed
along with Abraham who had faith.
For all who depend on works of the law are under a curse;
for it is written, Cursed be everyone
who does not persevere in doing all the things
written in the book of the law.
And that no one is justified before God by the law is clear,
for the one who is righteous by faith will live.
But the law does not depend on faith;
rather, the one who does these things will live by them.
Christ ransomed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us,
for it is written, Cursed be everyone who hangs on a tree,
that the blessing of Abraham might be extended
to the Gentiles through Christ Jesus,
so that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.

The word of the Lord.

Responsorial Psalm
Ps 111:1b-2, 3-4, 5-6

R. (5) The Lord will remember his covenant for ever.

I will give thanks to the LORD with all my heart
in the company and assembly of the just.
Great are the works of the LORD,
exquisite in all their delights.
R. The Lord will remember his covenant for ever.

Majesty and glory are his work,
and his justice endures forever.
He has won renown for his wondrous deeds;
gracious and merciful is the LORD.
R. The Lord will remember his covenant for ever.

He has given food to those who fear him;
he will forever be mindful of his covenant.
He has made known to his people the power of his works,
giving them the inheritance of the nations.
R. The Lord will remember his covenant for ever.

Gospel
Lk 11:15-26

When Jesus had driven out a demon, some of the crowd said:
“By the power of Beelzebul, the prince of demons,
he drives out demons.”
Others, to test him, asked him for a sign from heaven.
But he knew their thoughts and said to them,
“Every kingdom divided against itself will be laid waste
and house will fall against house.
And if Satan is divided against himself, how will his kingdom stand?
For you say that it is by Beelzebul that I drive out demons.
If I, then, drive out demons by Beelzebul,
by whom do your own people drive them out?
Therefore they will be your judges.
But if it is by the finger of God that I drive out demons,
then the Kingdom of God has come upon you.
When a strong man fully armed guards his palace,
his possessions are safe.
But when one stronger than he attacks and overcomes him,
he takes away the armor on which he relied
and distributes the spoils.
Whoever is not with me is against me,
and whoever does not gather with me scatters.

“When an unclean spirit goes out of someone,
it roams through arid regions searching for rest
but, finding none, it says,
‘I shall return to my home from which I came.’
But upon returning, it finds it swept clean and put in order.
Then it goes and brings back seven other spirits
more wicked than itself who move in and dwell there,
and the last condition of that man is worse than the first.”

The Gospel of the Lord.

Reflection 1 – When an unclean spirit returns…

“When an unclean spirit goes out of someone, it roams through arid regions searching for rest but, finding none, it says, ‘I shall return to my home from which I came.’ But upon returning, it finds it swept clean and put in order.  Then it goes and brings back seven other spirits more wicked than itself who move in and dwell there, and the last condition of that man is worse than the first.”

Through Christ our Lord, God has removed evil and has put an end to it. God took it on Himself to abolish it and broke the chain of endless expiations. Through that one big sacrifice on the cross, we have all been made whole and acceptable.

We may have repented of our sins and believe that we have departed from our old sinful ways and sought to change ourselves and yet have not seen our Lord’s glory in our lives. We ask ourselves how come our lives do not seem to work out for the good, still full of discord and confusion and darkness?

Today God speaks to our hearts that we cannot do all these on our own but with the power of the Holy Spirit. He tells that repentance and desired change are not enough for His glory to shine upon us. We need His grace but more than ever we need to have Christ in our hearts. When evil and sin are removed from our very being, we need Christ more than anything as more vile forms of sin can take control. No space should be given to the evil to roam within us. We need to completely turn away from sin… otherwise we will be in a worse situation and back where we started-SIN!

Our whole self and being should be dedicated to God through Christ so that our heart, mind and soul are solely for Christ alone. So that our Lord Jesus may comfortably reside within us, empowering us to do only what is good, drawing us away from the world that divides and brings glory only to self.

Direction

Let us welcome Jesus in our hearts. How? By study of His Word and applying it in our lives.

Prayer

Heavenly Father, with your grace, remove every trace of evil and sin in my heart and replace it with everything that comes from You through Christ our Lord. In Him, I always hope and pray. Amen.

Reflection 2 – Good and evil

Are we for good or are we for evil? Many years ago, as World War II threatened the slaughter of hundreds of thousands of American troops in the struggle to end the tyranny of Japan’s empire of those days, the nuclear bomb was invented, and used. Was it good or evil?

Theologians struggle with that question to this day. In the ensuing decades, the U.S. and the Soviet Union built massive arsenals of nuclear weapons, arsenals that threaten the survival of the human race. Is that good or evil?

The church has called for the end of this armament. And in May, Pope Benedict repeated and intensified the call. Work for disarmament of nuclear weapons, he pleaded, “in the prospect of their complete elimination from the planet.” Peace, he says, depends upon much more than mutual force. In short, Pope Benedict was saying the threat of using nuclear weapons does not promote the good.

Jesus warned those who would follow him to sort out the difference between good and evil. Did his powers come from the devil, the crowds asked, or from God? Were his acts fundamentally good or evil? Elsewhere in the Gospels, Jesus offers a way to discern: Judge the fruits of their deeds. Today he cautions his listeners not to be divided. That plays into the hands of evil. Discern the good together. Act accordingly. (Source: John Feister, Weekday Homily Helps. Ohio: St. Anthony Messenger Press, October 8, 2010).

Reflection 3 – Satan and pride

Jesus casts out a devil and teaches a lesson about his authority but he was accused of getting his power from Beelzebul, the prince of demons. Why?

Here is a story of a man who seeks for truth. When the devil saw him entering the house of the master, the devil was determined to do everything in his power to turn him back from his quest for truth. So, the devil subjected him every form of temptation – wealth, lust, prestige – but the man was able to fight off these temptations quite easily.

When the man reached the master’s house, he was somewhat taken aback to see the master sitting in an old chair with his disciples at his feet. The man thought to himself, “That master certainly lacks humility, the principal virtue of saints.” Then he observed other things about the master he did not like. For one thing the master took little notice of him. The man thought to himself, “I suppose that’s because I do not fawn over him like the others do. He also disliked the kind of clothes the master wore and somewhat conceited way he spoke. All this led him to the conclusion that he had come to the wrong place and must continue his quest elsewhere.

As he walked out of the room, the master who had seen the devil seated in the corner of the room said, “You need not have worried, tempter devil. He was yours from the very first, you know.”

The man in this story could be the teacher of the law or the Pharisees who refused to believe in the healing done by Jesus, then accused Jesus of getting his power from Beelzebul, the prince of demons. Why? It was because of pride that blocks their eyes and hearts to see the goodness and love of Jesus. Then Jesus challenged them and said, “Anyone who is not for me is really against me; anyone who does not help me gather is really scattering” (Lk 11:23). Am I at the side of Jesus?

Let’s be reminded that I can be against Jesus by the following attitudes: 1) by indifference, when I fail to consider the goodness and denies the power of Jesus; 2) by ingratitude, when I fail or refuse to acknowledge divine charity and to return him love for love; 3) by being lukewarm, when I hesitate or neglect in responding divine love; 4) by spiritual sloth, when I become lazy to pray and refuse the joy that comes from God; 5)by pride, when I hate God and denies God’s goodness and my heart is full of envy of the success of others.

It is not enough to banish evil thoughts, attitudes and habits as mentioned above. We must also fill the void in our life with Jesus who is the source of all that is good, wholesome, true, and self-giving word and healing love for us. Jesus makes it very clear that there are no neutral parties in this world. We are either for Jesus or against him, for the kingdom of God or against it. If we disobey God’s word, we open ourselves to the door of the power of sin and Satan. If we want to live in true freedom, then our “house” must be occupied by Jesus where he is enthroned as Lord and Savior.

Therefore, as a baptized person, let us follow the footstep of Jesus, continuously train ourselves to live in humility, and continue Jesus’ mission of service for others by drawing out the positive in us, and looking the world with love and hope.

Let’s examine ourselves and pray, “Lord, be the ruler of my heart and the master of my home. May there be nothing in my life that is not under your lordship.”

Reflection 4 – Overcoming the evil one

When danger lurks, what kind of protection do you seek? Jesus came to free us from the greatest danger of all – the corrupting force of evil which destroys us from within and makes us slaves to sin and Satan (John 8:34). Evil is not an impersonal force that just happens. It has a name and a face and it seeks to master every heart and soul on the face of the earth (1 Peter 5:8-9). Scripture identifies the Evil One by many names, ‘Satan’, ‘Be-el’zebul – the prince of demons’, the ‘Devil’, the ‘Deceiver’, the ‘Father of Lies’, and ‘Lucifier’, the fallen angel who broke rank with God and established his own army and kingdom in opposition to God. Jesus declared that he came to overthrow the power of Satan and his kingdom (John 12:31). Jesus’ numerous exorcisms brought freedom to many who were troubled and oppressed by the work of evil spirits. Jesus himself encountered personal opposition and battle with Satan when he was put to the test in the wilderness just before his public ministry (Matthew 4:1; Luke 4:1). He overcame the Evil One through his obedience to the will of his Father.

Some of the Jewish leaders reacted vehemently to Jesus’ healings and exorcisms and they opposed him with malicious slander. How could Jesus get the power and authority to release individuals from Satan’s influence and control? They assumed that he had to be in league with Satan. They attributed his power to Satan rather than to God. Jesus answers their charge with two arguments. There were many exorcists in Palestine in Jesus’ time. So Jesus retorted by saying that they also incriminate their own kin who cast out demons. If they condemn Jesus they also condemn themselves.

In his second argument Jesus asserts that no kingdom divided against itself cannot survive for long. We have witnessed enough civil wars in our own time to prove the destructive force at work here for the annihilation of whole peoples and their land. If Satan lends his power against his own forces then he is finished. Cyril of Alexandria, a 5th century church father explains the force of Jesus’ argument:

Kingdoms are established by the fidelity of subjects and the obedience of those under the royal scepter. Houses are established when those who belong to them in no way whatsoever thwart one another but, on the contrary, agree in will and deed. I suppose it would establish the kingdom too of Beelzebub, had he determined to abstain from everything contrary to himself. How then does Satan cast out Satan? It follows then that devils do not depart from people on their own accord but retire unwillingly. “Satan,” he says, “does not fight with himself.” He does not rebuke his own servants. He does not permit himself to injure his own armor bearers. On the contrary, he helps his kingdom. “It remains for you to understand that I crush Satan by divine power.” (Commentary on Luke, Homily 80)

How can a strong person be defeated except by someone who is stronger? Jesus asserted his power and authority to cast out demons as a clear demonstration of the reign of God. Jesus’ reference to the ‘finger of God’ points back to Moses’ confrontation with Pharaoh and his magicians who represented Satan and the kingdom of darkness (see Exodus 8:19). Jesus claims to be carrying on the tradition of Moses whose miracles freed the Israelites from bondage by the finger of God. God’s power is clearly at work in the exorcisms which Jesus performed and they give evidence that God’s kingdom has come.

What is the point of Jesus’ grim story about a vacant house being occupied by an evil force? It is not enough to banish evil thoughts and habits from our lives. We must also fill the void with God who is the source of all that is good, wholesome, true, and life-giving for us. Augustine of Hippo said that our lives have a God-shaped void which only God can fill satisfactorily. If we attempt to leave it vacant or to fill it with something else, we will end up being in a worse state in the end. What do you fill the void in your life with? The Lord Jesus wants to fill our hearts and minds with the power of his life-giving word and healing love. Jesus makes it very clear that there are no neutral parties in this world. We are either for Jesus or against him, for the kingdom of God or against it. There are ultimately only two kingdoms which stand in opposition to one another – the kingdom of God and the kingdom of darkness which is under the rule of Satan. If we disobey God’s word, we open to door to the power of sin and Satan. If we want to live in true freedom, then our “house” (the inner core of our true being) must be occupied by Jesus where he is enthroned as Lord and Savior. The Lord assures us of his protection from spiritual harm and he gives us the help and strength we need to resist the devil and his lies (James 4:7). “Because you have made the Lord your refuge, the Most High your habitation, no evil shall befall you, no scourge come near your tent. For he will give his angels charge of you to guard you in all your ways” (Psalm 91:9-11). Do you know the peace and security of a life submitted to God and his word?

Reflection 5 – If it is by the finger of God

When danger lurks, what kind of protection do you seek? Jesus came to free us from the greatest danger of all – the corrupting force of evil which destroys us from within and makes us slaves to sin and Satan (John 8:34). Evil is not an impersonal force that just happens. It has a name and a face and it seeks to master every heart and soul on the face of the earth (1 Peter 5:8-9). Scripture identifies the Evil One by many names, ‘Satan’, ‘Beelzebul – the ‘prince of demons’, the ‘Devil’, the ‘Deceiver’, the ‘Father of Lies’, and ‘Lucifier’, the fallen angel who broke rank with God and established his own army and kingdom in opposition to God.

Jesus has power to cast out the Deceiver and set us free
Jesus declared that he came to overthrow the power of Satan and his kingdom (John 12:31). Jesus’ numerous exorcisms brought freedom to many who were troubled and oppressed by the work of evil spirits. Jesus himself encountered personal opposition and battle with Satan when he was put to the test in the wilderness just before his public ministry (Matthew 4:1; Luke 4:1). He overcame the Evil One through his obedience to the will of his Father.

Some of the Jewish leaders reacted vehemently to Jesus’ healings and exorcisms and they opposed him with malicious slander. How could Jesus get the power and authority to release individuals from Satan’s influence and control? They assumed that he had to be in league with Satan. They attributed his power to Satan rather than to God. Jesus answers their charge with two arguments. There were many exorcists in Palestine in Jesus’ time. So Jesus retorted by saying that they also incriminate their own kin who cast out demons. If they condemn Jesus they also condemn themselves.

Whose kingdom do you follow and serve?
In his second argument Jesus asserts that no kingdom divided against itself can survive for long. We have witnessed enough civil wars in our own time to prove the destructive force at work here for the annihilation of whole peoples and their land. If Satan lends his power against his own forces then he is finished.

Cyril of Alexandria, a 5th century church father explains the force of Jesus’ argument:

Kingdoms are established by the fidelity of subjects and the obedience of those under the royal scepter. Houses are established when those who belong to them in no way whatsoever thwart one another but, on the contrary, agree in will and deed. I suppose it would establish the kingdom too of Beelzebub, had he determined to abstain from everything contrary to himself. How then does Satan” He does not rebuke his own servants. He does not permit himself to injure his own armor bearers. On the contrary, he helps his kingdom. “It remains for you to understand that I crush Satan by divine power.” [Commentary on Luke, Homily 80]

How can a strong person be defeated except by someone who is stronger? Jesus asserted his power and authority to cast out demons as a clear demonstration of the reign of God. Jesus’ reference to the ‘finger of God’ points back to Moses’ confrontation with Pharaoh and his magicians who represented Satan and the kingdom of darkness (see Exodus 8:19). Jesus claims to be carrying on the tradition of Moses whose miracles freed the Israelites from bondage by the finger of God. God’s power is clearly at work in the exorcisms which Jesus performed and they give evidence that God’s kingdom has come.

God and his Word is the source of our protection and security
What is the point of Jesus’ grim story about a vacant house being occupied by an evil force? It is not enough to banish evil thoughts and habits from our lives. We must also fill the void with God who is the source of all that is good, wholesome, true, and life-giving for us. Augustine of Hippo said that our lives have a God-shaped void which only God can fill satisfactorily. If we attempt to leave it vacant or to fill it with something else, we will end up being in a worse state in the end.

What do you fill the void in your life with? The Lord Jesus wants to fill our hearts and minds with the power of his life-giving word and healing love. Jesus makes it very clear that there are no neutral parties in this world. We are either for Jesus or against him, for the kingdom of God or against it. There are ultimately only two kingdoms which stand in opposition to one another – the kingdom of God and the kingdom of darkness which is under the rule of Satan. If we disobey God’s word, we open to door to the power of sin and Satan.

Is Jesus the Lord of your mind, heart, and home?
If we want to live in true freedom, then our “house” (the inner core of our true being) must be occupied by Jesus where he is enthroned as Lord and Savior. The Lord assures us of his protection from spiritual harm and he gives us the help and strength we need to resist the devil and his lies (James 4:7). “Because you have made the Lord your refuge, the Most High your habitation, no evil shall befall you, no scourge come near your tent. For he will give his angels charge of you to guard you in all your ways”(Psalm 91:9-11). Do you know the peace and security of a life submitted to God and his word?

“Lord Jesus, be the ruler of my heart and the master of my home. May there be nothing in my life that is not under your lordship.” – Read the source: http://www.rc.net/wcc/readings/oct7.htm

Reflection 6 – Fighting the Law of Chaos

What happens after a person accepts salvation from Jesus? Can he or she live a good Christian life without working hard at growing in holiness daily? It’s easy to get lazy on the path to heaven. It’s also easy to give in to the impulses of our flesh-nature. It takes conscious and conscientious forward momentum to stay close to God.

While we’re still here in this sinful world, we suffer from the Law of Chaos. Everything decays, disorder is natural and order is unnatural and requires great effort. So, too, in our spiritual lives. Growth in holiness takes effort, and without that effort, our holiness decays. Daily. And demons try subtle and not-so-subtle ways to entice us onto the easy path. Daily. As Jesus points out in today’s Gospel reading, we can end up worse off than before our conversion.

Jesus is the “someone stronger”. He overpowered Satan by dying on the cross for our sins and then by overcoming death. It was our death that he took to the cross, and it was his life that he gave us in his resurrection, but we can only benefit from this if we choose to live in him, with him, and through him. Jesus has swept our houses clean, but now it’s up to us — with his help of course — to keep it clean.

Jesus gave us the authority, through our baptisms, to bind and cast demons away from us. However, the best and most effective way to defeat demons is to do the opposite of whatever they want us to do. Are you tempted to get angry? Forgive instead, even if you don’t feel like you want to. Are you tempted to demand your own way? Instead, do what the other person is demanding of you (as long as it’s not sinful).

We need to stop living in automatic mode and identify the ways that our lives are being ruled by the Law of Chaos. Then, we can choose to live by the Law of God’s Love. Putting effort into choosing holiness is so eternally and vitally important that the cost of our time and energy should not seem like too high a price.

We have to be overcomers, working on our holiness daily, consciously choosing behaviors that resist the Law of Chaos. One of the saddest examples of this, which I witnessed and caused me to discern the spiritual principles I’ve shared in this reflection, was the case of an old friend who was a priest with addictions. Although he did desire to grow spiritually, he was unwilling to pay the cost of recovery. I watched him wither emotionally and then spiritually. He ended up sequestered by his bishop to serve in a very small ministry, and soon after he withered physically as well and died an early death.

He had come alive in the Holy Spirit during seminary, and God graced him with a fantastic gift of miraculous healing and good preaching. However, although an initial conversion to Christ always turns destruction into resurrection, it cannot keep faith alive. On-going addictions cater to the flesh-nature, and so the person’s spirit disconnects from the Holy Spirit, and decay sets in.

Remember, with God all things are possible. Everyone can be rescued from the Law of Chaos, but often it doesn’t happen until they become miserable enough in their decay to desire change. Sometimes this happens after death in Purgatory. We must continually pray for those who are on the road of destruction. We must take time to discern what God is asking us to do to help them seek recovery. And we must choose to trust in God’s desire to resurrect all those we bring to him. – Read the source:   http://gnm.org/good-news-reflections/?useDrDate=2016-10-07

Reflection 7 – Graces of the Holy Rosary

Monsignor Hugh Benson, in one of his early novels, gave us a beautiful explanation of the rosary. An old nun is trying to make the devotion clear to a young Protestant girl. The enquirer asks: “How can prayers said over and over again like that be any good?” Mistress Margaret was silent for a moment.

“I saw young Mrs. Martin last week,” she said, “with her little girl in her lap. She had her arms around her mother’s neck, and was being rocked to and fro; and every time she rocked she said, ‘Oh, mother.’”

“But, then,” said Isabel, after a moment’s silence, “she was only a child.” “’Except ye become as little children – ‘” quoted Mistress Margaret softly – “ you see, my Isabel, we are nothing more than children with God and his Blessed Mother. To say, ‘Hail Mary, Hail Mary,’ is the best way of telling her how much we love her. And, then, this string of beads is like our Lady’s girdle, and her children love to finger it, and whisper to her. And then we say Our Fathers too; and all the while we are talking, she is showing us pictures of her dear Child, and we look at all the great things he did for us, one by one; and then we turn the page and begin again.”

Those who have profiled most from the rosary are the ones who have thus understood it. With hearts full of love they have rested close by the side of our heavenly Mother; and, whispering words of endearment to her, they gave gazed the while at those wonderful pictures which the changing mysteries recall, seeing always something new and beautiful. And when they have come to the end of the picture-book, with the insatiable interest of a child, they have gone back to the beginning and turned every page over again (Source: Fr. Raymond P. Lawrence, +1968, Magnificat, Vol. 17, No. 8, October 2015, pp. 110-111).

Reflection 8 – Our Lady of the Rosary/ Our Lady of Victory 

October 7 commemorates the Blessed Mother’s intercession in one of the most decisive battles in Christian history, when the Rosary saved the Christian world.

When Mary revealed the Rosary to St. Dominic, she promised her protection to those who prayed it regularly. The Rosary was not truly appreciated as a spiritual weapon, however, until 1571, when Suleiman the Magnificent controlled the Mediterranean, the Red Sea, and the Persian Gulf and was well on his way to making Europe an Islamic state. As author and theologian Michael Novak has written, “Muslim fleets were raiding Christian cities with ever more daring, carrying off men as prisoners for their gallery slaves and boys and girls for their harems, burning churches and looting treasures. There was no unified Christian fleet to oppose them. All Italy was in danger of occupation.”

Pope Pius V urged Catholics to pray the Rosary and entreat Mary to protect Catholic lands. He managed to get Spain, Venice, and various Italian states to stop squabbling long enough to unite against the Ottoman menace, and he placed this Holy League under Mary’s protection. Led by Don John of Austria (1547-1578), League ships met in Lepanto, Gulf of Corinth in the west cost of Greece. On the morning of October 7, 1571, the Christian soldiers knelt before a crucifix and prayed the Rosary. Although they were vastly outnumbered – 30,000 Christians to 75,000 Turks – the Holy League emerged victorious and credited Mary, Queen of the Rosary. Pius V declared the anniversary of the battle the feast of Our Lady of Victory. In 1573, his successor, Gregory XIII, changed the name of the feast to Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary. In 1716 the feast was extended to the whole Church in thanksgiving for yet another Christian victory over the Turks. Finally in 1913 the date of the feast was fixed at October 7.

Michael Novak considers Lepanto “a story of wit and courage and victory against all odds.” Always, Mary heard the prayers of the faithful and interceded to assure success. And St. Paul said, “Rejoice always. Pray without ceasing. In all circumstances give thanks, for this is the will of God for you in Christ Jesus” (1 Thes 5:16-18).

Reflection 9 – Our Lady of the Rosary

St. Pius V established this feast in 1573. The purpose was to thank God for the victory of Christians over the Turks at Lepanto—a victory attributed to the praying of the rosary. Clement XI extended the feast to the universal Church in 1716.

The development of the rosary has a long history. First, a practice developed of praying 150 Our Fathers in imitation of the 150 Psalms. Then there was a parallel practice of praying 150 Hail Marys. Soon a mystery of Jesus’ life was attached to each Hail Mary. Though Mary’s giving the rosary to St. Dominic is recognized as a legend, the development of this prayer form owes much to the followers of St. Dominic. One of them, Alan de la Roche, was known as “the apostle of the rosary.” He founded the first Confraternity of the Rosary in the 15th century. In the 16th century the rosary was developed to its present form—with the 15 mysteries (joyful, sorrowful and glorious). In 2002, Pope John Paul II added five Mysteries of Light to this devotion.

Comment:

The purpose of the rosary is to help us meditate on the great mysteries of our salvation. Pius XII called it a compendium of the gospel. The main focus is on Jesus—his birth, life, death and resurrection. The Our Fathers remind us that Jesus’ Father is the initiator of salvation. The Hail Marys remind us to join with Mary in contemplating these mysteries. They also make us aware that Mary was and is intimately joined with her Son in all the mysteries of his earthly and heavenly existence. The Glory Bes remind us that the purpose of all life is the glory of the Trinity.

The rosary appeals to many. It is simple. The constant repetition of words helps create an atmosphere in which to contemplate the mysteries of God. We sense that Jesus and Mary are with us in the joys and sorrows of life. We grow in hope that God will bring us to share in the glory of Jesus and Mary forever.

Quote:

“The rosary, though clearly Marian in character, is at heart a Christ-centered prayer. It has all the depth of the gospel messge in its entirety. It is an echo of the prayer of Mary, her perennial Magnificat for the work of the redemptive Incarnation which began in her virginal womb…. It can be said that the rosary is, in some sense, a prayer-commentary on the final chapter of the Vatican II Constitution Lumen Gentium, a chapter that discusses the wondrous presence of the Mother of God in the mystery of Christ and the Church” (Pope John Paul II, apostolic letter The Rosary of the Virgin Mary).

Read the source:  http://www.americancatholic.org/features/saints/saint.aspx?id=1161

SAINT OF THE DAY
Catholic saints are holy people and human people who lived extraordinary lives. Each saint the Church honors responded to God’s invitation to use his or her unique gifts. God calls each one of us to be a saint. Click here to receive Saint of the Day in your email.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: 
“Our Lady of Victory” redirects here.
For other uses of this name, see Our Lady of Victory (disambiguation) or Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary of La Naval de Manila
Our Lady of the Rosary
Our Lady of Victory, Lady of the Rosary, Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Major shrine Our Lady of Victory Basilica,
Basilica of Notre-Dame-des-Victoires, Paris
Feast October 7
Attributes Blessed Virgin Mary, Infant Jesus, crown, rosary
Patronage Rosary, Roman Catholic Diocese of Malaga, Toledo,Rosario, Santa Fe, Melilla,Trujillo, Cáceres, Colombia,Manizales, Puyo, Pastaza,North Carolina, Bohol,Guatemala, Surigao del Norte,Manila, Quezon City, West Virginia, Seseña, Ontígola,Olías del Rey, Montearagón, Toledo, Lagartera, Huerta de Valdecarábanos, Brenes

Our Lady of the Rosary, also known as Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary, is a title of the Blessed Virgin Mary in relation to the Rosary. The Feast of Our Lady of the Rosary is on October 7, the anniversary of the decisive victory of the combined Christian fleet in 1571 at the Battle of Lepanto, defeating an Ottoman fleet off western Greece. It was formerly sometimes known as the Feast of Our Lady of Victory.

Our Lady, Queen of the Most Holy Rosary Cathedral (Toledo, Ohio) - Our Lady of the Rosary statue looking down.jpg

Our Lady of Victory[edit]

Our Lady of Victory

In 1571, Pope St. Pius V organized a coalition of forces from Spain and smaller Christian kingdoms, republics and military orders, to rescue Christian outposts in Cyprus, particularly the Venetian outpost at Famagusta which, however, surrendered after a long siege on August 1 before the Christian forces set sail. On October 7, 1571, the Holy League, a coalition of southern European Catholic maritime states, sailed from Messina, Sicily, and met a powerful Ottoman fleet in theBattle of Lepanto. Knowing that the Christian forces were at a distinct materiel disadvantage, the holy pontiff, Pope Pius V, called for all of Europe to pray the Rosary for victory,[1][2] and led a rosary procession in Rome.[3]

After about five hours of fighting on the northern edge of the Gulf of Corinth, off western Greece, the combined navies of the Papal States, Venice and Spain managed to stop the Ottoman navy, slowing the Ottoman advance to the west and denying them access to the Atlantic Ocean and the Americas.[4] If the Ottomans had won then there was a real possibility that an invasion of Italy could have followed so that the Ottoman sultan, already claiming to be emperor of the Romans, would have been in possession of both New and Old Rome.[5] Combined with the unfolding events in Morocco where the Sa’adids successfully spurned the Ottoman advances, it confined Turkish naval power to the eastern Mediterranean.[4] Although the Ottoman Empire was able to build more ships, it never fully recovered from the loss of trained sailors and marines, and was never again the Mediterranean naval power it had become the century before when Constantinople fell.

Feast day[edit]

Our Lady of Victory[edit]

Pius V then instituted “Our Lady of Victory” as an annual feast to commemorate the victory, which he attributed to the Blessed Virgin Mary.[3]

Dedications to Our Lady of Victory preceded this papal declaration. In particular, Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester built the first shrine dedicated to Our Lady of Victory in thanks for the Catholic victory over the Albigensians at the Battle of Muret on September 12, 1213.[3]

Our Lady of the Holy Rosary[edit]

In 1573, Pope Gregory XIII changed the title of the “Feast of Our Lady of Victory” to “Feast of the Holy Rosary”.[6] Pope Clement XI extended the feast to the whole of the Latin Rite, inserting it into the General Roman Calendar in 1716, and assigning it to the first Sunday in October. Pope St. Pius X changed the date to October 7 in 1913, as part of his effort to restore celebration of the liturgy of the Sundays. In 1960 Pope John XXIII changed the title to “Feast of Our Lady of the Rosary”.

Patronage[edit]

Our Lady of the Rosary is the patron saint of several places around the world. The diocese of Malaga, Spain (which, however celebrates her patronage on September 8), and the Spanish cities of Melilla and Trujillo celebrate Our Lady of Victories as their patroness. Furthermore, María del Rosario is a common female Spanish name (colloquially abbreviated to Rosario or Charo). Rosario can also be used as a male first name, particularly in Italian.

Churches named for Our Lady of the Rosary[edit]

The cathedral of Our Lady of the Rosary is located in Duluth, Minnesota.[7] The cathedral church of the Diocese of San Bernardino, California, is also named in honor of Our Lady of the Rosary.[8] The church of Our Lady of the Rosary on State Street in New York City began in 1883 as the Mission of Our Lady of the Rosary for the protection of Irish immigrant girls; it houses the shrine of St. Elizabeth Ann Seton.[9]

Churches named for Our Lady of Victory[edit]

Our Lady of Victory, NYC.Downtown, William St. & Chase Plaza

Although the title Our Lady of Victory has been superseded to some extent by that of Our Lady of the Rosary, the former is still in popular use at a number of parishes and schools.

Notre-Dame-des-Victoires, Paris is an historic Marian shrine and place of pilgrimage. Augustinian friars built it in 1629 with financial assistance from Louis XIII, who named the church Notre-Dame des Victoires in gratitude for the victory of French forces over the Huguenots at the Siege of La Rochelle (1627-8).[10]

The Church of Our Lady of Victory (Kostel Panny Marie Vítězné) in Prague, housing the 16th-century Infant Jesus of Prague.

Notre-Dame-des-Victoires, San Francisco was founded in 1856 to serve French Catholic immigrants to California. In 1887, Pope Leo signed the decree putting l’Eglise Notre Dame des Victoires in charge of the Marists, and making it a French National Church. The church was rebuilt in 1915 after the Earthquake and Fire of 1906, and was declared an historical landmark in 1984.

Our Lady of Victory National Shrine and Basilica is located in Lackawanna, New York.[11] Our Lady of Victory is the cathedral church for the Diocese of Victoria, Texas.[12] The church of Our Lady of Victory, also known as the War Memorial Church, in the financial district of Manhattan, New York City, was dedicated to Our Lady of Victory by Francis Cardinal Spellman, archbishop of New York and apostolic vicar for the U.S. Armed Forces on June 23, 1947 ” … in Thanksgiving for Victory won by our valiant dead, our soldiers’ blood, our country’s tears, shed to defend men’s rights and win back men’s hearts to God.”[13] The chapel at St. Catherine University, St. Paul, Minnesota, is named for Our Lady of Victory, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[14]

St. Mary of Victories Hungarian Catholic Church is located in St. Louis, Missouri.[15] St. Mary’s was built in 1843, and is the second oldest Catholic Church within the city limits. Originally home to German immigrants, the parish became home to the Hungarian Community in 1957 and is the official Hungarian Church for theArchdiocese of St. Louis. The church also enjoys St. Stephen of Hungary as a co-patron. The church is one of the few consecrated churches in the archdiocese,[clarification needed] having been granted that designation by Pope Pius IX. The high altar and side altars within the church are home to around 280 relics, many given by Pope Leo XIII upon the occasion of granting an indulgence to the altar. Among the notable historical figures associated with the church, Blessed Francis Xavier Seelos, C.Ss.R., itinerant German Redemptorist priest, preached a parish mission for two weeks in October 1865. St. Mary’s is in possession of a 1st class relic of Fr. Seelos, and one of the 5 known death masks made of the pending saint. The Franciscan Sisters of St. Mary also got their start (and their name) at this parish, and went on to found the SSM Health System based in St. Louis.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Jump up^ Chesterton, Gilbert.Lepanto, Ignatius Press, 2004, ISBN 1-58617-030-9
  2. Jump up^ Butler’s Lives Of The Saints (April) by Alban Butler (1999) ISBN 0-86012-253-0 page 222
  3. ^ Jump up to:a b c Thurston, Herbert. “Feast of the Holy Rosary.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 13. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. 2 May 2013
  4. ^ Jump up to:a b Ahmed PhD., Prof. Nazeer. “Lepanto, the Battle of”, History of Islam
  5. Jump up^ Melleuish, Gregory. “The significance of Lepanto”, Quadrant, April 1, 2008
  6. Jump up^ Our Lady of Victory Roman Catholic Church, Tannersville, Pennsylvania
  7. Jump up^ Cathedral of Our Lady of the Rosary, Duluth, MN
  8. Jump up^ Cathedral of Our Lady of the Rosary, San Bernardino, CA
  9. Jump up^ Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, State Street, NYC
  10. Jump up^ “Notre-Dame de Victoires”, Eymardian Places
  11. Jump up^ Our Lady of Victory National Shrine and Basilica
  12. Jump up^ Our Lady of Victory Cathedral
  13. Jump up^ Our Lady of Victory Church, Manhattan
  14. Jump up^ “Our Lady of Victory Chapel”, St. Catherine University, St. Paul, Minnesota
  15. Jump up^ “Historic St Mary of Victories Hungarian Catholic Church”. smov.info. Retrieved 2015-10-13.

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