Readings & Reflections: Wednesday of 27th Week in Ordinary Time, Memorial of Our Lady of the Rosary, October 7,2015

Readings & Reflections: Wednesday of 27th Week in Ordinary Time, Memorial of Our Lady of the Rosary, October 7,2015

“It could be said that each mystery of the rosary, carefully meditated, sheds light on the mystery of man. ‘Cast your burden on the Lord and he will sustain you’ (Ps 55:23). To pray the rosary is to hand over our burdens to the merciful hearts of Christ and his Mother. The rosary does indeed ‘mark the rhythm of human life,’ bringing it into harmony with the ‘rhythm’ of God’s own life, in the joyful communionof the Holy Trinity, our life’s destiny and deepest longing. Through the rosary the faithful receive abundant grace, as though from the very hands of the Mother of the Redeemer.” – Saint John Paul II

AMDG+

Opening Prayer

“Father in heaven, you have given me a mind to know you, a will to serve you, and a heart to love you. Give me today the grace and strength to embrace your holy will and fill my heart that all my intentions and actions may be pleasing to you. Help me to be kind and forgiving towards my neighbor as you have been towards me”. In Jesus’ mighty Name, I pray. Amen.

Reading 1 JON 4:1-11

Jonah was greatly displeased
and became angry that God did not carry out the evil
he threatened against Nineveh.
He prayed, “I beseech you, LORD,
is not this what I said while I was still in my own country?
This is why I fled at first to Tarshish.
I knew that you are a gracious and merciful God,
slow to anger, rich in clemency, loathe to punish.
And now, LORD, please take my life from me;
for it is better for me to die than to live.”
But the LORD asked, “Have you reason to be angry?”

Jonah then left the city for a place to the east of it,
where he built himself a hut and waited under it in the shade,
to see what would happen to the city.
And when the LORD God provided a gourd plant
that grew up over Jonah’s head,
giving shade that relieved him of any discomfort,
Jonah was very happy over the plant.
But the next morning at dawn
God sent a worm that attacked the plant,
so that it withered.
And when the sun arose, God sent a burning east wind;
and the sun beat upon Jonah’s head till he became faint.
Then Jonah asked for death, saying,
“I would be better off dead than alive.”

But God said to Jonah,
“Have you reason to be angry over the plant?”
“I have reason to be angry,” Jonah answered, “angry enough to die.”
Then the LORD said,
“You are concerned over the plant which cost you no labor
and which you did not raise;
it came up in one night and in one night it perished.
And should I not be concerned over Nineveh, the great city,
in which there are more than a hundred and twenty thousand persons
who cannot distinguish their right hand from their left,
not to mention the many cattle?”

The word of the Lord.

Responsorial Psalm PS 86:3-4, 5-6, 9-10

  1. (15)Lord, you are merciful and gracious.
    Have mercy on me, O Lord,
    for to you I call all the day.
    Gladden the soul of your servant,
    for to you, O Lord, I lift up my soul.
    R.Lord, you are merciful and gracious.
    For you, O Lord, are good and forgiving,
    abounding in kindness to all who call upon you.
    Hearken, O LORD, to my prayer
    and attend to the sound of my pleading.
    R. Lord, you are merciful and gracious.
    All the nations you have made shall come
    and worship you, O Lord,
    and glorify your name.
    For you are great, and you do wondrous deeds;
    you alone are God.
    R. Lord, you are merciful and gracious.

Alleluia ROM 8:15BC

  1. Alleluia, alleluia.
    You have received a spirit of adoption as sons
    through which we cry: Abba! Father!
    R.Alleluia, alleluia.

Gospel LK 11:1-4

Jesus was praying in a certain place, and when he had finished,
one of his disciples said to him,
“Lord, teach us to pray just as John taught his disciples.”
He said to them, “When you pray, say:

Father, hallowed be your name,
your Kingdom come.
Give us each day our daily bread
and forgive us our sins
for we ourselves forgive everyone in debt to us,
and do not subject us to the final test.”

The Gospel of the Lord.

Reflection 1 – Teach us to pray

“When the disciples asked our Lord Jesus, ‘Teach us to pray’, He responded by sharing with them how He normally expresses His thoughts and aspirations to the Father. He included everything that can and must be said to the Father. This is what we now call the Lord’s Prayer and the model prayer for everyone who acknowledges the existence of God.

The prayer is made up of very simple statements yet one could spend a lifetime meditating on its depth.  It speaks of ‘our bread each day’, ‘forgiveness of our sins and about protecting us from ‘temptation’ and ‘delivering us from evil.’  It is a prayer of petition yet it is also a prayer of worship as we in acknowledge and worship the Father, His goodness and power over all of us.

Today, Luke in his gospel focuses on the prayer life of our Lord Jesus Christ and which one may consider a vital force in His life. He was always in communion with the Father that nothing was ever kept from Him.

As children of the Father, how have we been in our prayerfulness? Have we allotted a special time and place when we express our innermost sentiments, our joys and sorrows to Him? Or do we isolate ourselves from Him especially when times are good and bountiful or when our hearts are dry, parched and lifeless?

Whatever our dispositions have been, let us all resolve to do better and start giving our all to our Father, in prayer. Let us approach His throne of love and mercy in the most intimate way and express how much we have longed for Him and that we always want to be with Him.

In prayer we have to glorify Him and in all that is in us, allow Him to reign supreme! In our heart, mind and spirit, in our word and deed, in our lives (which should be a prayer in itself), we should be able to worship and glorify Him.  Just as we look forward to the day when He comes back through Christ to rule over the earth where His will shall be done as it is heaven, His will should rule our lives, not tomorrow but today and forevermore.

In prayer, we have to seek God’s righteousness just as we should depend on Him for all our ever-recurring needs, both physical and spiritual.  As we desire to receive the Lord in our heart and all His benefits, we should be able to give more of ourselves and be able to die to ourselves and forgive those who have hurt us just as He pardoned us for our sins.  We should forgive in the light of God’s grace and mercy and in His Name remove the vestiges of our sins, our bitterness and our vengeful spirit.

We should always endeavor to deepen our prayer life and draw closer to our Father as this is the only way by which He ministers to us and guides towards forgiveness and provides us the power to truly forget. If we pursue a more prayerful life, our Lord will never find a hard and unforgiving heart and He will not find a need to chastise us in order to bring us back to Him.

In prayer, we should acknowledge our nothingness, that we may not be prone to sin, so that temptations may never have space in our hearts, so our opportunity to sin and our desire to commit sin may never come to meet, so that we may be totally delivered from the evil one and all his seductive ways.

Let us all ask our hearts if we have really been prayerful?  Have we given our Lord a free Hand in ruling our lives? Or do we feel self sufficient that we seldom come to Him? Do we come to Him in prayer only if we are at our wit’s end?

This very day, let us seek the Lord in prayer, live out our lives in prayer, transform our lives into a prayer and be an offering, a way of praise and worship to our God! This way we can be assured to have His Truth and His Mighty presence in us!

Direction

Let us maintain our close link with the Father through a prayerful life by making our lives a prayer in itself, worthy to offered and acceptable to the Father.

Prayer

Heavenly Father, we will bless You and glorify You all the days of our lives. All the nations You have made shall come and worship You, O Lord, and glorify your name. For you are great and You do wondrous deeds. You alone are God. In Jesus’ Name we pray. Amen.

Reflection 2 – Jesus’ teaching on prayer

God’s Word comes to us to share the core of Jesus’ teaching on prayer. It consists of Jesus teaching a prayer to his disciples, a parable on the persistent neighbor, with assurances that God hears our prayers. The teaching concludes with the reminder that if we seek, we will get a response. It foreshadowed the gift of the Holy Spirit, who is central to Luke’s theology and who will play an important role in the growth of the early Church after Pentecost. It highlighted the need for persistence and perseverance if we are to lead a life of prayer.

Today, God walks within our community of prayerful disciples by focusing on Abraham and his intercession for Sodom as we witness Abraham draw himself closer to the Lord before he spoke up for the righteous in Sodom. Drawing nearer to God before praying is essentially important. Drawing nearer to God will always activate our prayer life. The closer we are to God, the better our prayer life will be. Being close to God will improve the energy and effectiveness of our prayer. The more we are in God’s presence, the more we are aware and humbled by our smallness compared to God’s mightiness, and by our sinfulness compared to God’s holiness.

When God revealed to Abraham that Sodom was headed for impending destruction, Abraham’s compassion was immediately upon the righteous living in that sinful city. He was concerned about the well-being of the good people. The problem in Sodom was that few cared for the well-being of the righteous. Instead, most of Sodom’s citizens were concerned about the prosperity of the wicked. Only Abraham, the righteous man, cared for the sake of the righteous people of Sodom.

God revealed to us how Abraham prayed single-mindedly; how determined he was for the righteous in Sodom to be spared. His determination was so great that he worked down the number needed to spare Sodom from fifty to ten, teaching us to be resolute, steadfast and persistent in our faith when we pray.  Most of us are not that firm in the pursuit of our spiritual goals like Abraham was. Hence, we cut short our own blessings, for we do not keep up and are not determined enough in our efforts to accomplish them.

Although Sodom was eventually destroyed, Abraham still received an answer to his prayer, as the righteous were not destroyed with the wicked, for God delivered Lot and his family from the destruction of Sodom. Abraham’s success in praying tells us that prayer accomplishes great things, so we should persevere in prayer accomplishing much more than we realize.

One of the remarkable characteristics of Abraham’s prayer is his persistence as he seemingly haggled with God over the destiny of Sodom. He continually and sharply marked down the number of the righteous just to save them, from about fifty innocent people, he persistently came down to forty-five, forty, thirty, twenty, and finally ten.

Abraham must have been an importunate and thick-skinned man of prayer and this is what God expects of us. We need to heed St Paul when he said “pray without ceasing”  in ThessaloniansPersevere in prayer, being watchful in it with thanksgiving” in Colossians. “Have no anxiety at all, but in everything, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, make your requests known to God” in Phippians.We are to be persistent like the widow and the neighbor as God never wearies of our asking, even when we think He is not hearing.

We ought to learn to wait in prayer- weeks, months, even for years. If we don’t get an immediate answer to our request, or if events don’t turn out exactly or as quickly as we hoped they would, our Lord’s word to us is “never lose heart.” Just keep praying without ceasing and don’t give up. Keep knocking. Keep asking. Keep seeking. PERSEVERE!

Waiting on the Lord takes us to the heart of prayer as persistent, continual prayer that comes from the innermost part of our being is what moves the heart of our compassionate, loving God. To “pray without ceasing” does not mean we are literally to iterate and reiterate without cessation, the words of prayer, but rather have hearts whose disposition is prayerfulness and whose will is to make our lives a prayer offering to our Father in heaven.

In sum, let our prayer be the key in the hand of faith to unlock God’s treasures. The greatest and hardest preparation for heaven is within our hearts and the spirit of prayer can affect this, for prayer is heart-work, prayer is the voice of persevering faith. When we pray, be attentive to the Spirit Who is working in us. Rejoice as we are brought closer to God and ask forgiveness for those times when we resisted His presence in our life and thank Him for making us aware of our sinfulness and our nothingness, even those we those we are not so proud of, and would rather hide deep within us.

Today, God speaks to us as a community and would like us to re-visit our Intercessory Ministry which has been a distinct part of our journey as Christian disciples. Let it not be a mere stage in our Formation Program but let it be God’s persevering instrument in converting our lives to be truly an offering and a constant prayer to our God.  Let us not give up praying for to give up is to deny our faith in God Who answers our prayers.

Reflection 3 – The Our Father

Here is a story of the president of a company. He wanted to talk to the factory’s manager about urgent matter. But the manager’s secretary said, “He cannot be disturbed. He’s in conference as he is everyday at this time.” “Tell him the president wants to see him,” the man responded impatiently. The secretary firmly replied, “I have strict orders, Sir, not to disturb him while he is in conference.” Angrily, the man brushed past the secretary and opened the door to the manager’s office. After a quick look he backed out, gently closed the door, and said, “I’m sorry!” The president had found his manager on his knees praying with his Bible. The president found out that the manager had prayed regularly before his duty.

Jesus Himself spent regular time in prayer and inspired His disciples to pray. The disciples asked Jesus how they should pray and Jesus taught them, “The Our Father.” The Lord’s Prayer is the manifesto of our Christian faith, an identification prayer that would bind the Christians together and bring to expression their chief concerns.

St. Clement of Alexandria explained the Lord’s Prayer as follows: “Ask ye for the great things, so will God add to you the little things. You are praying falsely, says the Lord. Your prayers are always moving in a circle around your own small “I”, your own needs and troubles and desires. Ask for the great things – for God’s almighty glory and kingdom, and that God’s great gifts, the bread of life and the endless mercy of God, may be granted to you – even here and now, already today. That does not mean that you may not bring your small personal needs before God, but they must not govern your prayers, for you are praying to your Father. He knows all. He knows what things his children have need of before they ask him, and he adds them to his great gifts. Jesus says: Ask ye for great things, so God will grant you all the little things. The Lord’s Prayer teaches us how to ask for the great things. What did you ask when you pray to God, Our Father?

Let us begin the day with God, Our Father. Kneel down to Him in prayer. Lift up your heart to His abode. And seek His love to share.

Reflection 4 – Acts of Prayer

Lord, teach us to pray. –Luke 11:1

When my children come to me for advice, I consider it an honor to teach them what they need to know. For example, my daughter Julie had to write a poem for school not long ago. As I thought about the best way to assist her, I decided to compose a few lines to help her see how it’s done.

Jesus used the example method when His disciples asked Him to teach them how to pray. Instead of going into a long dissertation on the subject, He said, “When you pray, say, . . .” and He gave them a pattern that also included prayer principles.

That prayer has at least four elements we can learn to use when we pray: Adoration, Confession, Temptation protection, and Supplication. Let’s consider the ACTS of prayer.

Adoration: “Hallowed be Your name.” We need to give allegiance and respect to our great and awesome God.

Confession: “Forgive us our sins.” God is “faithful and just to forgive us” (1 Jn. 1:9).

Temptation protection: “Do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one.” Ask for help to say no to sin.

Supplication: “Give us day by day our daily bread.” We should not be afraid to ask God for His provisions.

There’s the example. It’s up to us to follow it.  — Dave Branon

Lord, thank You for inviting me
To come and talk with You;
Now help me to revere this time
And pray my whole life through. –K. De Haan

Spend time with the Lord and your day will be well spent (Source: Our Daily Bread, RBC Ministries).

Reflection 5 – Our Daily Bread

In his book Eating Your Ways through Luke’s Gospel by Robert J. Karris, OFM, Luke used food symbolism to portray who Jesus is and what he’s about in the theme of Jesus’ prayer life: “Give us each day our daily bread.” Surely we are dependent on God for our daily sustenance. But the double use of “us” and “our” should give us a pause to reflect on. This means that we are dependent upon one another for our daily food, for we produce few products on our own. And the word “our” means Jesus’ table fellowship with others, even sinners and outcasts. Through such table fellowship was mirroring God the Father’s all-inclusive love. What does it mean to all of us today?

In his classic book, Man’s Search for Meaning, Victor Frankl tells a moving narrative of his experience in Nazi concentration camps. He was nearly executed several times and barely survived starvation. One of the central observations of this leading psychologist was that the inner attitude of the prisoners made all of the difference in how they could handle their suffering. One particularly moving aspect of his story was the single piece of bread that the prisoners received each day. Truly, for Frankl, this was his “daily bread.”

Today eating is a huge social issue for most of us. We worry about too much cholesterol, too much fat, and too much food in general and the wrong types of food at that. How can we get back to a notion of “our daily bread”? Only when we understand this can we hear the Lord’s words in today’s Gospel, the words of what we know as the Lord’s Prayer.

In addition to knowing who God is and who we are and in addition to the radical idea of forgiveness, Jesus teaches us to pray for our daily bread, to be given that which sustain us. Notice that we’re not to pray for abundance, not for a week’s worth of bread, or a month’s worth, or all of the many extras that fill our lives. We are taught to pray for today’s bread, not to worry about all the extras.

It’s important to remember the context of today’s answer: the disciples have asked the Lord for advice on how to pray. Or, in other words, how can we be closer to God? One key, Jesus is telling us, to take it one day at a time. We are encouraged to have regular daily prayer. And let us maintain our close link with the Father through a prayerful life by making our lives a prayer in itself, worthy to be offered and acceptable to the Father.

“Heavenly Father, we will bless You and glorify You all the days of our lives. All the nations You have made shall come and worship You, O Lord, and glorify your name. For you are great and You do wondrous deeds. You alone are God. In Jesus’ Name we pray. Amen.”

Reflection 6 – Graces of the Holy Rosary

Monsignor Hugh Benson, in one of his early novels, gave us a beautiful explanation of the rosary. An old nun is trying to make the devotion clear to a young Protestant girl. The enquirer asks: “How can prayers said over and over again like that be any good?” Mistress Margaret was silent for a moment.

“I saw young Mrs. Martin last week,” she said, “with her little girl in her lap. She had her arms around her mother’s neck, and was being rocked to and fro; and every time she rocked she said, ‘Oh, mother.’”

“But, then,” said Isabel, after a moment’s silence, “she was only a child.” “’Except ye become as little children – ‘” quoted Mistress Margaret softly – “ you see, my Isabel, we are nothing more than children with God and his Blessed Mother. To say, ‘Hail Mary, Hail Mary,’ is the best way of telling her how much we love her. And, then, this string of beads is like our Lady’s girdle, and her children love to finger it, and whisper to her. And then we say Our Fathers too; and all the while we are talking, she is showing us pictures of her dear Child, and we look at all the great things he did for us, one by one; and then we turn the page and begin again.”

Those who have profiled most from the rosary are the ones who have thus understood it. With hearts full of love they have rested close by the side of our heavenly Mother; and, whispering words of endearment to her, they gave gazed the while at those wonderful pictures which the changing mysteries recall, seeing always something new and beautiful. And when they have come to the end of the picture-book, with the insatiable interest of a child, they have gone back to the beginning and turned every page over again (Source: Fr. Raymond P. Lawrence, +1968, Magnificat, Vol. 17, No. 8, October 2015, pp. 110-111).

Reflection 7 – Our Lady of the Rosary/ Our Lady of Victory 

October 7 commemorates the Blessed Mother’s intercession in one of the most decisive battles in Christian history, when the Rosary saved the Christian world.

When Mary revealed the Rosary to St. Dominic, she promised her protection to those who prayed it regularly. The Rosary was not truly appreciated as a spiritual weapon, however, until 1571, when Suleiman the Magnificent controlled the Mediterranean, the Red Sea, and the Persian Gulf and was well on his way to making Europe an Islamic state. As author and theologian Michael Novak has written, “Muslim fleets were raiding Christian cities with ever more daring, carrying off men as prisoners for their gallery slaves and boys and girls for their harems, burning churches and looting treasures. There was no unified Christian fleet to oppose them. All Italy was in danger of occupation.”

Pope Pius V urged Catholics to pray the Rosary and entreat Mary to protect Catholic lands. He managed to get Spain, Venice, and various Italian states to stop squabbling long enough to unite against the Ottoman menace, and he placed this Holy League under Mary’s protection. Led by Don John of Austria (1547-1578), League ships met in Lepanto, Gulf of Corinth in the west cost of Greece. On the morning of October 7, 1571, the Christian soldiers knelt before a crucifix and prayed the Rosary. Although they were vastly outnumbered – 30,000 Christians to 75,000 Turks – the Holy League emerged victorious and credited Mary, Queen of the Rosary. Pius V declared the anniversary of the battle the feast of Our Lady of Victory. In 1573, his successor, Gregory XIII, changed the name of the feast to Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary. In 1716 the feast was extended to the whole Church in thanksgiving for yet another Christian victory over the Turks. Finally in 1913 the date of the feast was fixed at October 7.

Michael Novak considers Lepanto “a story of wit and courage and victory against all odds.” Always, Mary heard the prayers of the faithful and interceded to assure success. And St. Paul said, “Rejoice always. Pray without ceasing. In all circumstances give thanks, for this is the will of God for you in Christ Jesus” (1 Thes 5:16-18).

Reflection 8 – Our Lady of the Rosary

St. Pius V established this feast in 1573. The purpose was to thank God for the victory of Christians over the Turks at Lepanto—a victory attributed to the praying of the rosary. Clement XI extended the feast to the universal Church in 1716.

The development of the rosary has a long history. First, a practice developed of praying 150 Our Fathers in imitation of the 150 Psalms. Then there was a parallel practice of praying 150 Hail Marys. Soon a mystery of Jesus’ life was attached to each Hail Mary. Though Mary’s giving the rosary to St. Dominic is recognized as a legend, the development of this prayer form owes much to the followers of St. Dominic. One of them, Alan de la Roche, was known as “the apostle of the rosary.” He founded the first Confraternity of the Rosary in the 15th century. In the 16th century the rosary was developed to its present form—with the 15 mysteries (joyful, sorrowful and glorious). In 2002, Pope John Paul II added five Mysteries of Light to this devotion.

Comment:

The purpose of the rosary is to help us meditate on the great mysteries of our salvation. Pius XII called it a compendium of the gospel. The main focus is on Jesus—his birth, life, death and resurrection. The Our Fathers remind us that Jesus’ Father is the initiator of salvation. The Hail Marys remind us to join with Mary in contemplating these mysteries. They also make us aware that Mary was and is intimately joined with her Son in all the mysteries of his earthly and heavenly existence. The Glory Bes remind us that the purpose of all life is the glory of the Trinity.

The rosary appeals to many. It is simple. The constant repetition of words helps create an atmosphere in which to contemplate the mysteries of God. We sense that Jesus and Mary are with us in the joys and sorrows of life. We grow in hope that God will bring us to share in the glory of Jesus and Mary forever.

Quote:

“The rosary, though clearly Marian in character, is at heart a Christ-centered prayer. It has all the depth of the gospel messge in its entirety. It is an echo of the prayer of Mary, her perennial Magnificat for the work of the redemptive Incarnation which began in her virginal womb…. It can be said that the rosary is, in some sense, a prayer-commentary on the final chapter of the Vatican II Constitution Lumen Gentium, a chapter that discusses the wondrous presence of the Mother of God in the mystery of Christ and the Church” (Pope John Paul II, apostolic letter The Rosary of the Virgin Mary).

Read the source: http://www.americancatholic.org/features/saints/saint.aspx?id=1161

SAINT OF THE DAY
Catholic saints are holy people and human people who lived extraordinary lives. Each saint the Church honors responded to God’s invitation to use his or her unique gifts. God calls each one of us to be a saint. Click here to receive Saint of the Day in your email.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: 
“Our Lady of Victory” redirects here.
For other uses of this name, see Our Lady of Victory (disambiguation) or Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary of La Naval de Manila
OUR LADY OF THE ROSARY
OUR LADY OF VICTORY, LADY OF THE ROSARY, OUR LADY OF THE MOST HOLY ROSARY
VENERATED IN Roman Catholic Church
MAJORSHRINE Our Lady of Victory Basilica,
Basilica of Notre-Dame-des-Victoires, Paris
FEAST October 7
ATTRIBUTES Blessed Virgin Mary, Infant Jesus, crown, rosary
PATRONAGE Rosary, Roman Catholic Diocese of Malaga,Toledo,Rosario, Santa Fe, Melilla,Trujillo, Cáceres,Colombia,Manizales, Puyo, Pastaza,North Carolina,Bohol,Guatemala, Surigao del Norte,Manila, Quezon City, West Virginia, Seseña, Ontígola,Olías del Rey,Montearagón, Toledo, Lagartera, Huerta de Valdecarábanos, Brenes

Our Lady of the Rosary, also known as Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary, is a title of the Blessed Virgin Mary in relation to the Rosary. The Feast of Our Lady of the Rosary is on October 7, the anniversary of the decisive victory of the combined Christian fleet in 1571 at theBattle of Lepanto, defeating an Ottoman fleet off western Greece. It was formerly sometimes known as the Feast of Our Lady of Victory.

Our Lady, Queen of the Most Holy Rosary Cathedral (Toledo, Ohio) - Our Lady of the Rosary statue looking down.jpg

Our Lady of Victory[edit]

Our Lady of Victory

In 1571, Pope St. Pius V organized a coalition of forces from Spainand smaller Christian kingdoms, republics and military orders, to rescue Christian outposts in Cyprus, particularly the Venetian outpost at Famagusta which, however, surrendered after a long siege on August 1 before the Christian forces set sail. On October 7, 1571, the Holy League, a coalition of southern European Catholicmaritime states, sailed from Messina, Sicily, and met a powerful Ottoman fleet in theBattle of Lepanto. Knowing that the Christian forces were at a distinct materiel disadvantage, the holy pontiff, Pope Pius V, called for all of Europe to pray the Rosary for victory,[1][2] and led a rosary procession in Rome.[3]

After about five hours of fighting on the northern edge of the Gulf of Corinth, off western Greece, the combined navies of the Papal States, Venice and Spain managed to stop the Ottoman navy, slowing the Ottoman advance to the west and denying them access to the Atlantic Ocean and the Americas.[4] If the Ottomans had won then there was a real possibility that an invasion of Italy could have followed so that the Ottoman sultan, already claiming to be emperor of the Romans, would have been in possession of both New and Old Rome.[5] Combined with the unfolding events in Morocco where the Sa’adids successfully spurned the Ottoman advances, it confined Turkish naval power to the eastern Mediterranean.[4] Although the Ottoman Empire was able to build more ships, it never fully recovered from the loss of trained sailors and marines, and was never again the Mediterranean naval power it had become the century before when Constantinople fell.

Feast day[edit]

Our Lady of Victory[edit]

Pius V then instituted “Our Lady of Victory” as an annual feast to commemorate the victory, which he attributed to the Blessed Virgin Mary.[3]

Dedications to Our Lady of Victory preceded this papal declaration. In particular, Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester built the first shrine dedicated to Our Lady of Victory in thanks for the Catholic victory over the Albigensians at the Battle of Muret on September 12, 1213.[3]

Our Lady of the Holy Rosary[edit]

In 1573, Pope Gregory XIII changed the title of the “Feast of Our Lady of Victory” to “Feast of the Holy Rosary”.[6] Pope Clement XIextended the feast to the whole of the Latin Rite, inserting it into theGeneral Roman Calendar in 1716, and assigning it to the first Sunday in October. Pope St. Pius X changed the date to October 7 in 1913, as part of his effort to restore celebration of the liturgy of the Sundays. In 1960 Pope John XXIII changed the title to “Feast of Our Lady of the Rosary”.

Patronage[edit]

Our Lady of the Rosary is the patron saint of several places around the world. The diocese of Malaga, Spain (which, however celebrates her patronage on September 8), and the Spanish cities of Melilla andTrujillo celebrate Our Lady of Victories as their patroness. Furthermore, María del Rosario is a common female Spanish name (colloquially abbreviated to Rosario or Charo). Rosario can also be used as a male first name, particularly in Italian.

Churches named for Our Lady of the Rosary[edit]

The cathedral of Our Lady of the Rosary is located in Duluth, Minnesota.[7] The cathedral church of the Diocese of San Bernardino, California, is also named in honor of Our Lady of the Rosary.[8] The church of Our Lady of the Rosary on State Street in New York City began in 1883 as the Mission of Our Lady of the Rosary for the protection of Irish immigrant girls; it houses the shrine of St. Elizabeth Ann Seton.[9]

Churches named for Our Lady of Victory[edit]

Our Lady of Victory, NYC.Downtown, William St. & Chase Plaza

Although the title Our Lady of Victory has been superseded to some extent by that of Our Lady of the Rosary, the former is still in popular use at a number of parishes and schools.

Notre-Dame-des-Victoires, Paris is an historic Marian shrine and place of pilgrimage. Augustinian friars built it in 1629 with financial assistance from Louis XIII, who named the church Notre-Dame des Victoires in gratitude for the victory of French forces over the Huguenots at the Siege of La Rochelle (1627-8).[10]

The Church of Our Lady of Victory (Kostel Panny Marie Vítězné) inPrague, housing the 16th-century Infant Jesus of Prague.

Notre-Dame-des-Victoires, San Francisco was founded in 1856 to serve French Catholic immigrants to California. In 1887, Pope Leo signed the decree putting l’Eglise Notre Dame des Victoires in charge of the Marists, and making it a French National Church. The church was rebuilt in 1915 after the Earthquake and Fire of 1906, and was declared an historical landmark in 1984.

Our Lady of Victory National Shrine and Basilica is located in Lackawanna, New York.[11] Our Lady of Victory is the cathedral church for the Diocese of Victoria, Texas.[12] The church of Our Lady of Victory, also known as the War Memorial Church, in the financial district of Manhattan, New York City, was dedicated to Our Lady of Victory by Francis Cardinal Spellman, archbishop of New York and apostolic vicar for the U.S. Armed Forces on June 23, 1947 ” … in Thanksgiving for Victory won by our valiant dead, our soldiers’ blood, our country’s tears, shed to defend men’s rights and win back men’s hearts to God.”[13] The chapel at St. Catherine University, St. Paul, Minnesota, is named for Our Lady of Victory, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[14]

St. Mary of Victories Hungarian Catholic Church is located in St. Louis, Missouri.[15] St. Mary’s was built in 1843, and is the second oldest Catholic Church within the city limits. Originally home to German immigrants, the parish became home to the Hungarian Community in 1957 and is the official Hungarian Church for theArchdiocese of St. Louis. The church also enjoys St. Stephen of Hungary as a co-patron. The church is one of the few consecrated churches in the archdiocese,[clarification needed] having been granted that designation by Pope Pius IX. The high altar and side altars within the church are home to around 280 relics, many given by Pope Leo XIII upon the occasion of granting an indulgence to the altar. Among the notable historical figures associated with the church, Blessed Francis Xavier Seelos, C.Ss.R., itinerant German Redemptorist priest, preached a parish mission for two weeks in October 1865. St. Mary’s is in possession of a 1st class relic of Fr. Seelos, and one of the 5 known death masks made of the pending saint. The Franciscan Sisters of St. Mary also got their start (and their name) at this parish, and went on to found the SSM Health System based in St. Louis.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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