This Great Sacrament We Hail: 2 Eucharistic Hymns by Thomas Aquinas
The Feast of Corpus Christi was originally a local feast that was soon promulgated to the Universal Church.1
Urban IV, always an admirer of the feast, published the Bull “Transiturus” (8 September, 1264), in which, after having extolled the love of Our Saviour as expressed in the Holy Eucharist, he ordered the annual celebration of Corpus Christi in the Thursday next after Trinity Sunday, at the same time granting many indulgences to the faithful for the attendance at Mass and at the Office. This Office, composed at the request of the pope by the Angelic Doctor St. Thomas Aquinas, is one of the most beautiful in the Roman Breviary and has been admired even by Protestants.
In 2010 Pope Benedict XVI gave a three part catechesis on Aquinas, one of which was on the eve of Corpus Christi. The Holy Father extols the “exquisitely Eucharistic soul” of the Angelic Doctor and speak on his role in the Feast of Corpus Christi.2
Pope Urban IV, who held him in high esteem, commissioned him to compose liturgical texts for the Feast of Corpus Christi, which we are celebrating tomorrow, established subsequent to the Eucharistic miracle of Bolsena. Thomas had an exquisitely Eucharistic soul. The most beautiful hymns that the Liturgy of the Church sings to celebrate the mystery of the Real Presence of the Body and Blood of the Lord in the Eucharist are attributed to his faith and his theological wisdom.
1. Pange Lingua Gloriosi Corporis Mysterium
Pange Lingua Gloriosi Corporis
Mysterium is a hymn written
by St Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274) for the Feast of
Corpus Christi . It is also sung
on Maundy Thursday
“Pange Lingua Gloriosi Corporis Mysterium is a hymn written by St Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274) for the Feast of Corpus Christi (now called the Solemnity of the Holy Body and Blood of Christ). It is also sung on Maundy Thursday, during the procession from the church to the place where the Blessed Sacrament is kept until Good Friday. The last two stanzas, called separately Tantum Ergo, are sung at Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament.”3
2. Adoro te devote
adoro te devote, gregorian chant Danilo Pagotto
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Im the singer, I was religious of simple vows of the institute Toca de Assis from Brazil. I work with sacred art http://artesacra-pagotto.blogspot.com/
Adoro te devote is another classic Eucharistic hymn by St. Thomas Aquinas and is traditionally sung on Corpus Christi.4
A hymn sometimes styled Rhythmus, or Oratio, S. Thomæ (sc. Aquinatis) written c. 1260 (?), which forms no part of the Office or Mass of the Blessed Sacrament, although found in the Roman Missal (In gratiarum actione post missam) with 100 days indulgence for priests (subsequently extended to all the faithful by decree of the S.C. Indulgent., 17 June, 1895). It is also found commonly in prayer and hymn-books. It has received sixteen translations into English verse. The Latin text, with English translation, may be found in the Baltimore “Manual of Prayers” (659, 660). Either one of two refrains is inserted after each quatrain (a variation of one of which is in the Manual), but originally the hymn lacked the refrain.
- Source: History of Corpus Christi [↩]
- Pope BXVI Quote: Eucharist Soul – 9 Statements on St. Thomas Aquinas by Pope Benedict XVI [↩]
- Source w/ compared lyrics [↩]
- Source: Adoro te devote background [↩]
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Jesus Christ is really, truly and substantially present in the Eucharist. And because of this, Eucharistic adoration is not only a wonderful thing, but also a wonderful gift to us from God. “The Eucharistic presence of Christ begins at the moment of the consecration and endures as long as the Eucharistic species subsist. Christ is present whole and entire in each of each of the species and whole and entire in each of their parts, in such a way that the breaking of the bread does not divide Christ. In the liturgy of the Mass we express our faith in the real presence of Christ under the species of bread and wine by, among other ways, genuflecting or bowing deeply as a sign of adoration of the Lord” (CCC: 1377-1378).